AP-SGW 2015

AP-SGW 2015: Working Group Topics

 

1. The Role of Emerging Nations for Consolidating the Regional Cooperation

Moderator: Daichi Nakamura

Speaker: TBD

The Asia-Pacific region hosts a number of established and emerging space programs - with China, Japan, and India making their presence in the global scene, and other countries with smaller but vibrant new space programs adding a new dynamic to the landscape. This working group, building upon the discussions of the Asian Space Agency Working Group from last year, will discuss the ways to take Asia’s regional space cooperation to the next level with the long-term goal of establishing an Asian Space Agency.

This year, the focus will be given to the role of emerging nations, particularly to ASEAN countries. One of the conclusions from last year’s WG was that no one country should dominate a regional initiative if it were to become truly successful. While there is a wide gap in the economic and technological levels among the countries in the region, the emerging nations in the region are rapidly acquiring new space capabilities and growing as new market for space systems and services and proved to  have a potential to play a critical role in shaping or reshaping the regional space cooperation. Given the current situation, what new roles can the emerging nations play to bring the regional space cooperation to the next level? What are the new capabilities that they can bring to the region’s space activities? What present and future opportunities are available to foster these potential?

In an effort to answer these questions, the Working Group will explore: 

  • The current status and future prospects of the emerging space programs in the region, including the activities of ASEAN SCOSA;
  • The ways in which smaller nations contribute to the multilateral cooperation in scientific and technological projects, learning from the existing models such as ESA;
  • The new opportunities available to the emerging nations, including the UN’s initiative to provide developing countries with an access to ISS and potentials offered by CubeSat.

 

2. The role of commercial space companies in the Asia-Pacific Region

Moderator: Sergio Tabasco Vargas

Speaker: Sundong Park (Satrec-I)

The space industry has traditionally been developed and led by government entities, who at the same time were the largest customers of space equipment and services. But universities, industrial actors, and space entrepreneurs are becoming more prominent in supporting the activities of space agencies around the world, bringing new ideas and routes to market.

New space ventures and entrepreneurial activities have the potential to bring important benefits to the space sector, from its more agile response to new unmet needs and other opportunities brought by technological innovations. However, the characteristics of the space industry represent big challenges for new companies, which is reflected in the low number of space-related start-ups compared to other sectors.

The Space Industry Working group will focus on exploring the current state of development of the commercial space sector in the AP region; clearly defining the benefits that an active commercial space sector could bring to the local space industry, as well as the main challenges; identifying the specific role that these companies would have within the industry; and exploring new ways of promoting entrepreneurial activities in the space sector. 

The Working Group is aimed at addressing, and generating possible outcomes and proposals, on the following points from the participants:

  • What is the current state of development of the commercial space sector in the AP region?
  • What are the main benefits that new space ventures and entrepreneurs can bring to the AP space sector? Which are the main challenges?
  • Which would be their role within the space industry in the AP region?
  • How can a more entrepreneurial approach to space activities be encouraged by the AP nations?

  

3. Space Application: Benefit of Everyone

Moderator: Shashank Khurana

Speaker: Masanobu Tsuji (JAXA)

China and India are on their way for expanding the regional network of satellite-based augmentation system for geo-positioning and navigation, while Japan is in the process of developing regional navigation systems. Currently proposed for serving the Asia-Pacific region, these systems are expected to achieve global coverage in the next two decades. With extensive and varied applications in the areas of communication, navigation, meteorology, agriculture, environmental monitoring etc., the space faring nations in Asia, capable and ready to provide an ideal launching platform as a low-cost alternative for sending satellites into orbit, shall share the fruits of their technological advancement with those who are emerging. This sharing of resources has also been done in the past by launching experimental satellites for other countries through collaborative programs and usage.

The Working Group is aimed at addressing, and generating, possible outcomes and proposals on the following points from the participants:

  • Assessing the needs and areas of individual countries and markets, for direct and specific application for space-based services;
  • How, and what, can be done to tap potential in the respective areas of their technological expertise, through joint participation of academia, private, and government support;
  • Formulating guidelines and procedures through a proper structure to initiate, extend, implement, and sustain the cooperation through knowledge and resource sharing;
  • Cooperation for Scientific Studies in Earth Observation, Key Meteorology (APMETSAT), and Environmental Monitoring amidst the growing concerns of Climate Change and Pollution.

 

4. Space for all - Utilizing small satellite program for space education and awareness.

Moderator: Norilmi Amilla Ismail

Speaker: TBD

Everyone has the right to have access to space and it should be used for the benefit of all mankind. In the first APRSAF in 1993, recommendation on utilizing the space technology and space science for public education and awareness were reported. Now, after two decades we see significant improvement of the space awareness among community in the Asia-Pacific region. However, in some developing countries, people are still lack of awareness and knowledge on the benefits of space to their daily life.  The rising of small satellite programs with their low cost and diverse applications become a critical approach on promotion the space to the general public. In the perspective of young generation, how does this technology benefit the public and create awareness of the utilization of space?

The Working Group is aimed at addressing, and generating, possible outcomes and proposals on the following points from the participants:

  • What are the advantages and roles of small satellites in improving life quality in developing countries in Asia-Pacific Region?   
  • What are the approaches to create awareness and spread the knowledge of space with small satellite programs?
  • A Successive plan that can adopt small satellite programs through regional cooperation for space education and awareness.

5. Space Security–Further regulation is needed

Moderator: Metha

Speaker: TBD 

The Space Age began when Soviet launched its first satellite, Sputnik, into the orbit, and when the USA sent its first astronaut to the moon. Since then, the development of space technology has continued to grow. Many states, either developed or developing countries, are racing to develop their technology. These facts prove that the use of space environment are undeniable. More than 5000 satellites have been launched into orbit, and more than 950 still operate today. Because these satellites provide information and other services that are increasingly critical for national security, economic vitality, and human well-being, the responsible nations are becoming increasingly concerned about keeping them safe-for as long as there have been satellites there have been plans for interfering with them.

During recent years it has become apparent that space is an important theatre for military activities and aspirations of great powers. The scenarios of war in space have moved from the field of pure science fiction-oriented speculations to become part of an arms race and arms control discussion. The military importance of satellites has in turn inspired military planners to develop anti-satellite systems.

The main treaty regulating the exploration and use of outer space are the Outer Space Treaty, the Rescue Agreement, the Liability Convention, the Registration Convention, and the Moon Agreement. The Outer Space Treaty states that all countries are free to use space for peaceful purposes as long as they respect the interest of other space users and operate in accordance with international law. It does not explicitly prohibit deliberate attacks on satellite or prevent ASAT weapons tests that pose risks to other space users. While the Outer Space Treaty bans orbiting nuclear weapons, it does not outlaw the possession of other kinds of space weapons. Countries recognize that satellites would have great military value even before any had been successfully launched into orbit.

As the use of outer space must fulfill with the principle of peaceful purposes. The peaceful purposes itself is still remain ambiguous. The Working Group is aimed at addressing, and generating possible outcomes and proposals, on the following points from the participants:

  • Are five major treaty still coherent enough for current conditions? Is there any specific regulation regarding ASAT system and missile defense that should be made?
  • What is meaning of “peaceful purposes”? Is there any measure to define any space activity has fulfilled peaceful purposes?
  • What kind of measures should be taken to make sure the compliance to the regulation? How do we maintain the use of outer space and still fulfill the principle of “peaceful purposes”?
  • What can we do to bind the third party (not a party of any five major treaty) to fulfill the peaceful purposes as they do the space activity? 

 

AP-SGW 2015: Information about Indonesia

 Bali Island is a small island (140km from east to west 80 km from north to south) and a part of Indonesia Archipelagos. It is one of the most favorite tourist destinations in the world with beautiful beaches and tallest volcanic mountains. But unlike other paradise islands, Bali has a unique traditional culture.

 


Climate

Lying just 8 degrees south of the Equator, Bali can boast a tropical climate with just two seasons a year and an average temperature of  around 28C. High humidity can be expected between the month of October-April. 

AP-SGW 2015: Virtual Forum

If you are not able to make it to the AP-SGW venue, you can still take part by attending virtually from the comfort of your office or home, with just a computer & internet connection, and it’s free to attend.

AP-SGW sessions such as presentations and speeches will be broadcasted via the internet. Several virtual working groups will also be hosted during working group time. The discussions and recommendations of the virtual working groups will be presented at the venue via the internet. The participants of the virtual forum will be also selected through delegate selection. 

AP-SGW 2015: Accommodation

We encourage all the delegates to stay at a hotel close to the AP-SGW venue. This will allow delegates to get to know each other better and deepen mutual friendship during the workshop! The following is the recommended hotel.

 

Bali Paragon Hotel *4

Address: Udayana Campus St., Jimbaran, Bali 80361, Indonesia

Phone: (+62) 361 472 5288

Price: IDR 580.000 ($41 USD) per night. Includes: Wi-Fi, Breakfast

Booking: Price are fixed for 2nd AP-SGW delegates. Please contact Manik (عنوان البريد الإلكتروني هذا محمي من روبوتات السبام. يجب عليك تفعيل الجافاسكربت لرؤيته.) to manage the booking.

Access: Shuttle bus will be provided from the Bali Paragon Hotel to the workshop venue.

 

 

AP-SGW 2015: What is my role?

As a participant of the first Asia Pacific – Space Generation Workshop (AP-SGW), your role is to be an active member of the Asia–Pacific space community: learn, grow, and network.

At AP-SGW most of your time will be spent discussing and debating with other delegates on the five themes targeted at increasing the proliferation as well as collaboration on space activities in the Asia-Pacific region. The conclusions of these working groups will be presented at the end of the congress to the other delegates but also in a wider forum the following week at the Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF). After the congress, results from these working sessions will be turned into reports that will be widely disseminated in the space community and at the United Nations. This is your opportunity to be heard in space policy!

We will also have current leaders of the international space sector share their experiences and perspectives. They will assist with the projects and talk about skills that are important in becoming the next generation of space sector leaders.

The  AP-SGW  offers  numerous  opportunities  for  delegates  to  learn  about  and  contribute  to  space policy, meet other future leaders of the space community, and develop professionally.


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