What Is My Role?
As a participant at the annual Space Generation Congress, your role is to be an active member of the space community: learn, grow, and network.
At SGC, you will spend much of your time in working sessions with other delegates from around the world discussing and debating a topic in one of the five themes of SGC 2014. Conclusions of these working groups will be presented at the end of the Congress to the other delegates but also in a wider forum the following week at the International Astronautical Congress. After the Congress, results from these working sessions will be turned into reports that will be widely disseminated in the space community and at the United Nations. This is your opportunity to be heard in space policy!
We will also have current leaders in the international space sector come and share their perspectives. They will also assist with the projects and teach about skills that are important to becoming a space sector leader.
Throughout SGC, you will learn about and contribute to space policy, meet the other future leaders of the space community, and develop yourself professionally.
Space Generation Congress 2014 - VENUE
The SGC 2014 will be held at the Holiday Inn Yorkdale, which is also the congress accomodation (see more info in the Accomodation section).
Very conveniently located
Holiday Inn Toronto Yorkdale
3450 Dufferin St, Toronto, ON M6A 2V1, Canada
All Space Generation Congress activities are planned from, to and in this location! There is nothing better than having the hotel right in the venue.
Get to know the rest of the delegates and participants staying at the same hotel.
Direct Metro Line to the IAC Venue, the Convention Center. Door to door in about 30min!
SGC 2014 - Floorplan
SGC 2014 Speakers
Charles Bolden, NASA Administrator - SGC Closing Gala Dinner Featured Speaker
Maj. Gen. Charles Frank Bolden, Jr., (USMC-Ret.) was nominated by President Barack Obama and confirmed by the U.S. Senate as the 12th Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. He began his duties as head of the agency on July 17, 2009. As Administrator, Bolden leads a nationwide NASA team to advance the missions and goals of the U.S. space program.
At NASA, Bolden has overseen the safe transition from 30 years of space shuttle missions to a new era of exploration focused on full utilization of the International Space Station and space and aeronautics technology development. He has led the agency in developing a Space Launch System rocket and Orion spacecraft that will carry astronauts to deep space destinations, such as an asteroid and Mars. He also established a new Space Technology Mission Directorate to develop cutting-edge technologies for the missions of tomorrow. During Bolden's tenure, the agency's support of commercial space transportation systems for reaching low-Earth orbit have enabled successful commercial cargo resupply of the space station and significant progress toward returning the capability for American companies to launch astronauts from American soil by 2017. Bolden has also supported NASA's contributions toward development of developing cleaner, faster, and quieter airplanes. The agency's dynamic science activities under Bolden include an unprecedented landing on Mars with the Curiosity rover, launch of a spacecraft to Jupiter, enhancing the nation's fleet of Earth-observing satellites, and continued progress toward the 2018 launch of the James Webb Space Telescope, the successor to the Hubble Space Telescope.
Bolden's 34-year career with the Marine Corps also included 14 years as a member of NASA's Astronaut Office. After joining the office in 1980, he traveled to orbit four times aboard the space shuttle between 1986 and 1994, commanding two of the missions and piloting two others. His flights included deployment of the Hubble Space Telescope and the first joint U.S.-Russian shuttle mission, which featured a cosmonaut as a member of his crew.
Prior to his nomination as NASA administrator, Bolden was Chief Executive Officer of JACKandPANTHER LLC, a small business enterprise providing leadership, military, and aerospace consulting, as well as motivational speaking.
Born Aug. 19, 1946, in Columbia, S.C., Bolden graduated from C. A. Johnson High School in 1964 and received an appointment to the U.S. Naval Academy. He earned a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical science in 1968 and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps. After completing flight training in 1970, he became a Naval Aviator. Bolden flew more than 100 combat missions in North and South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, while stationed in Namphong, Thailand between 1972 - 1973.
Bolden earned a Master of Science degree in systems management from the University of Southern California in 1977. In 1978, he was assigned to the Naval Test Pilot School at Patuxent River, Md., and completed his training in 1979. While working at the Naval Air Test Center's Systems Engineering and Strike Aircraft Test Directorates, he tested a variety of ground attack aircraft until his selection as an astronaut candidate in 1980.
Bolden's NASA astronaut career included technical assignments as the Astronaut Office Safety Officer; Technical Assistant to the Director of Flight Crew Operations; Special Assistant to the Director of the Johnson Space Center in Houston; Chief of the Safety Division at Johnson (where he oversaw efforts to return the shuttle to flight safely after the 1986 Challenger accident); lead astronaut for vehicle test and checkout at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida; and Assistant Deputy Administrator at NASA Headquarters. After his final shuttle flight in 1994, he left NASA and returned to active duty with Marine Corps operating forces as the Deputy Commandant of Midshipmen at the U.S. Naval Academy.
In 1997, Bolden was assigned as the Deputy Commanding General of the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force in the Pacific. During the first half of 1998, he served as Commanding General of the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force Forward in support of Operation Desert Thunder in Kuwait. He was promoted to his final rank of major general in July 1998 and named Deputy Commander of U.S. forces in Japan. He later served as the Commanding General of the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing at Marine Corps Air Station Miramar in San Diego, Calif., from 2000 - 2002. He retired from the Marine Corps in 2003. Bolden's many military decorations include the Defense Superior Service Medal and the Distinguished Flying Cross. He was inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame in May 2006.
Bolden is married to the former Alexis (Jackie) Walker of Columbia, S.C. The couple has two children -- Anthony Chè, a lieutenant colonel in the Marine Corps, who is married to the former Penelope McDougal of Sydney, Australia, and Kelly Michelle, a plastic surgeon at the Howard University Hospital in Washington.
Jan Wörner - Chairman of the Executive Board of the German Aerospace Center (DLR)
He studied civil engineering at the Technische Universität Berlin and the Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, from where he graduated in 1985. In 1982, as part of his studies, he spent two years in Japan, investigating earthquake safety. Until 1990 Wörner worked for the consulting civil engineers König und Heunisch. In 1990 he returned to Darmstadt University, where he was appointed to a professorship in Civil Engineering and took over as Head of the Testing and Research Institute. Before being elected President of the Technische Universität Darmstadt in 1995, he held the position of Dean of the Civil Engineering Faculty.
Wörner has been honoured with a series of prizes and awards such as the Prize of the Organisation of Friends of the Technische Universität Darmstadt for 'outstanding scientific performance'. He was also appointed to the Berlin Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and is a representative of the Technical Sciences Section of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. Wörner has received honorary doctorates from the State University New York (USA), the technical universities of Bucharest (Romania) and Mongolia, the Saint Petersburg University for Economics and Finance (Russia), and École Centrale Lyon (France). He has been honoured by the German state of Hesse and the French government.
Wörner is Vice President of the Helmholtz Association; he is also a member of various national and international supervisory bodies, advisory councils and committees. He was a member of the board of École Centrale Paris and École Centrale Lyon, the Convention for Technical Sciences (acatech) and the supervisory board of Röhm GmbH, to name just a few. Furthermore, he was appointed to the energy expert group of the German Government. He continues to be a member of the advisory boards of several universities such as the Technische Universität Berlin and the IST Lisboa.
Simonetta Di Pippo - Director of the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs - SGC Closing Gala Dinner Featured Speaker
Simonetta Di Pippo is the Director of the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs. Her experience includes serving as Director of the Observation of the Universe at Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI) (2002-2008) and Director of Human Spaceflight of the European Space Agency (ESA) (2008-2011). Prior to her appointment at UNOOSA in March 2014, she was Head of the European Space Policy Observatory at ASI Brussels.
She holds a Master’s Degree in Astrophysics and Space Physics, and an Honoris Causa degree in Environmental Studies. Ms. Di Pippo was knighted by the President of the Italian Republic in 2006. In 2008, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) named asteroid 21887 “Dipippo”.
Berndt Feuerbacher - Former IAF President, retired Professor at the University of Bochum and Director of the Institute of Space Simulation of DLR
Prof. Dr. Berndt Feuerbacher is retired as Professor of Space Physics at the University of Bochum, Germany and Director of the Institute of Space Simulation of DLR, Cologne. He is Past President of the International Astronautic Federation, Member of the International Academy of Astronautics and Fellow of the European Physical Society.
The asteroid "10628 Feu-erbacher" carries his name. His research activities concentrate on materials science under low gravity conditions (Spacelab and ISS), dust and gas in space, comets and small bodies in the Planetary System. He is one of the initiators of the landing probe "Philae", carried by the Ro-setta mission to land on comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko.
W. Michael Hawes currently serves as the Vicepresident and Orion Program Manager at Lockheed Martin. Prior to this position, Mike was the Associate Administrator of Program Analysis & Evaluation at NASA Headquarters in Washington, DC. In this role, he is responsible for providing independent and objective studies and analyses in support of policy, program, and budget decisions by the NASA Administrator.
Michael Hawes served as the Deputy Associate Administrator for the Program Integration Office in the Office of Space Operations at NASA Headquarters from 2005 to 2008. From 2002 to 2003, he was Special Assistant to the Associate Administrator for Space Operations, and from 1999 through 2002, Hawes was the Deputy Associate Administrator for the International Space Station program. He also has worked as the Deputy Director, International Space Station Requirements; Chief Engineer, International Space Station; and as the Manager, utilization and operations, Space Station Freedom Program Office in Reston, Va.
Hawes received a Bachelor of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Notre Dame in 1978, Masters and Doctor of Science of Engineering Management degrees from the George Washington University in 1996, and 2006, respectively. He is also a graduate in Program Management from the Defense Systems Management College, Ft. Belvoir, VA
Spotlight Speaker for Exploration Working Group on Policy and Ethics of New Human Exploration Strategies
Erik Seedhouse is a Norwegian-Canadian suborbital astronaut. After completing his first degree he joined the 2nd Battalion the Parachute Regiment and was trained in the art of jungle and desert warfare. Erik completed his Ph.D. at the German Space Agency’s Institute for Space Medicine and his post-doctoral studies at Simon Fraser University. In 2005 he worked as an astronaut training consultant for Bigelow Aerospace and wrote ‘Tourists in Space’, a manual for spaceflight participants. An avid scuba-diver, Erik has been a PADI certified Divemaster for more than 20 years and has logged more than 250 dives in more than 20 countries. In 2009, he was one of the final 30 candidates in the Canadian Space Agency’s Astronaut Recruitment Campaign. Erik works as a spaceflight instructor, professional speaker, triathlon coach, and Editor-in-Chief for the Handbook of Life Support Systems for Spacecraft. Between 2008 and 2013 he served as director of Canada’s manned centrifuge operations.
Jason Crusan - Director, Advanced Exploration Systems Division, NASA Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate
Spotlight Speaker for Policy Working Group on CubeSat Swarms
As Director for the Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) Division with the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Jason Crusan is the senior executive, manager, principle advisor and advocate on technology and innovation approaches leading to new flight and system capabilities for human exploration. He manages 500-600 Civil Servants with an active portfolio of 20-30 engineering and design projects. He leads integration with the Space Technology Mission Directorate and the other HEOMD programs such as the International Space Station and the Exploration System Division Programs.
Using an integrated approach that leverages public-private partnerships, industry, international partners, and academia, Mr. Crusan leads AES across all NASA Centers, developing and maintaining critical human spaceflight capabilities; maturing new integrated systems, instruments, and ground systems; and delivering critical multi-million dollar flight hardware for NASA. He provides the executive management and leadership needed to develop the right technology development strategies, system acquisition strategies, contracting mechanisms, joint investment models and partnerships—in short, he develops the innovative approaches needed to maximize NASA’s access to new technologies and capabilities for human spaceflight.
Crusan has held multiple titles at NASA since 2005, from Chief Technologist for Space Operations to Program Executive and project manager on various technical and management initiatives. He was part of the Mini-RF (Miniature Radio Frequency) Program, which flew two radar instruments to the moon to map the lunar poles, search for water ice, and demonstrate future NASA communication technologies. Currently he also serves as the Director of the Center of Excellence for Collaborative Innovation formed to advance the utilization of open innovation methodologies within the U.S. government.
Crusan holds Bachelor’s Degrees in Electrical Engineering and Physics, a Master’s in Computer Information Systems, and is currently a candidate for a Ph.D. in Engineering Management at George Washington University. Mr. Crusan is married and has two children.
Scott Madry - Executive Director of the Global Space Institute
Spotlight Speaker for Earth Observation Working Group on Earth Observation for Maritime Services
Scott Madry is the executive director of the Global Space Institute. He is also a research associate professor of archaeology and anthropology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and is on the faculty of the International Space University.
He was involved in the founding of ISU and participated in over 25 ISU programs around the world, including being the program director of four southern hemisphere summer space sessions in Adelaide, Australia.
Scott is a specialist in the application of space technology for cultural and natural resource applications, including disaster management.His new book "Space Systems for Disaster Warning, Response and Recovery" was published by Springer Press in October of 2014.
Chris Boshuizen, Ph.D., Co-Founder and CTO
Spotlight speaker for Entrepreneurship Working Group on Policy and Ethics of New Human Exploration Strategies
Chris Boshuizen is Co-Founder and CTO of Plant Labs. He is responsible for the system architecture and oversees the engineering teams. Prior to Planet, Chris was a Space Mission Architect at NASA Ames Research, where he co-created the PhoneSat Project --- PhoneSat was the cheapest and fastest built spacecraft at NASA --- and lead multiple partnership projects between NASA and private space exploration companies.Prior to NASA, Chris was appointed Interim executive Director of Singularity University, coordinated the founding of the University and raised over $2.5 million of initial funding from Silicon Valley sources.
Chris previously served as the Executive Director of the Space Generation Advisory Council and organized four Space Generation Congresses. In 2014 Chris was awarded the Advance Global Award as Expatriate Australian of the Year. Chris received his Ph.D. in Physics and Bachelors of Science with Honours from the University of Sydney.
Daniel Rey, Head of Systems Engineering for the Space Exploration Branch of the Canadian Space Agency
Spotlight speaker for On-Orbit Servicing Working Group
Daniel Rey is Head of Systems Engineering for the Space Exploration branch of the Canadian Space Agency. Prior to his current position he was the Lead Systems Engineer and then Project Manager for the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator, i.e. Dextre, delivered to the International Space Station in 2008, and on the Canadian $5 bill since 2013. This flagship project demonstrated Canada's commitment to Space Exploration, International collaboration, and the advancement of On-Orbit Servicing capabilities to enable entire new classes of missions.
Daniel's responsibilities at CSA have included: Project Manager for the Next Generation Canadarm prototyping project, On-Orbit Servicing strategy group co-chair for the CSA Space Exploration Plan and CSA's appointed Technical Due Diligence lead for Industry Canada's review of MDA's On-Orbit Servicing strategic initiative proposal.
Prior to working at CSA, Daniel has held a variety of positions in control systems and robotics engineering. He has worked for the McGill Centre for Intelligent Machines in Montreal, International Submarine Engineering in Vancouver, Lockheed Martin in San José, Matra Espace in Toulouse, and Telesat Canada in Ottawa. Daniel was co-PI for the first Canadian experiment aboard a Shuttle GetAway Special in 1985, and was recipient of a NASA Silver Snoopy Award in 2004.
Daniel has a Master's degree in Aeronautics and Astronautics from MIT (1993), a Bachelor's degree in Systems Design Engineering from the University of Waterloo (1989) and is an alumni of the International Space University Space Studies Program (1996).
Nicole Buckley - Chief Scientist, Life Sciences and the International Space Station at Canadian Space Agency
Bio coming soon.
Yasushi Horikawa - Technical Counselor, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
Yasushi HorikawaDr. Horikawa is a technical counselor of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) in Tokyo, Japan. He earned his PhD from Tokyo University in Electrical Engineering. He worked for many years in the field of spacecraft design. He contributed to the successful implementation of Japanese meteorological satellite programs and Earth observation programs, as well as the development of the International Space Station program. Dr. Horikawa also contributed to the implementation of the Japanese International Space Station program as the Program Manager. Subsequently, Dr. Horikawa was responsible for all satellite application programs as an Executive Director of JAXA. This included the operation of satellites for many diverse uses including Earth observation, global positioning, communications and broadcasting. Today, he continues as an advisor for Japanese satellite application development and utilization programmes. Additionally, Dr. Horikawa is a professor at Tokai University and is the president of the Japanese Society of Cost Estimate and Analysis since 2011. In June 2012, Dr. Horikawa began a two year term as the Chairman of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UN COPUOS).
Sam Scimemi - Director for International Space Station at NASA Headquarters
Mr. Scimemi is the Director for International Space Station at NASA Headquarters within the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate. His duties consist of ensuring safe and productive ISS operations and utilization; implementing policy and programmatic direction; and communicating progress and issues with the White House and Congress.
Mr. Scimemi has been a leader in human spaceflight for 28 years. His experience spans human space flight, earth and space science as both a contractor and civil servant. His background includes development and testing of complex space systems, and real-time operations. He has been employed at four NASA centers; Johnson Space Center, Ames Research Center, Goddard Space Flight Center, and Headquarters. His career has encompassed the Space Shuttle, International Space Station, Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), and NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) programs. He is a native of Louisiana and has a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from McNeese State University.
Sandy Magnus - Executive Director of the American Institute of
Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)
Dr. Sandra H. “Sandy” Magnus is the Executive Director of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), the world’s largest technical society dedicated to the global aerospace profession.
Born and raised in Belleville, Ill., Dr. Magnus attended the Missouri University of Science and Technology, graduating in 1986 with a degree in physics and in 1990 with a master’s degree in electrical engineering. She also holds a Ph.D. from the School of Materials Science and Engineering at Georgia Tech (1996).
Selected to the NASA Astronaut Corps in April, 1996, Dr. Magnus flew in space on the STS-112 shuttle mission in 2002, and on the final shuttle flight, STS-135, in 2011. In addition, she flew to the International Space Station on STS-126 in November 2008, served as flight engineer and science officer on Expedition 18, and returned home on STS-119 after four and a half months on board. Following her assignment on Station, she served at NASA Headquarters in the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate. Her last duty at NASA, after STS-135, was as the deputy chief of the Astronaut Office.
While at NASA, Dr. Magnus worked extensively with the international community, including the European Space Agency (ESA) and the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA), as well as with Brazil on facility-type payloads. She also spent time in Russia developing and integrating operational products and procedures for the International Space Station.
Before joining NASA, Dr. Magnus worked for McDonnell Douglas Aircraft Company from 1986 to 1991, as a stealth engineer. While at McDonnell Douglas, she worked on internal research and development and on the Navy’s A-12 Attack Aircraft program, studying the effectiveness of radar signature reduction techniques.
Dr. Magnus has received numerous awards, including the NASA Space Flight Medal, the NASA Distinguished Service Medal, the NASA Exceptional Service Medal, and the 40 at 40 Award (given to former collegiate women athletes to recognize the impact of Title IX)
SGC Working Group Subject Matter Experts (SME)
SOCIETY Working Group on On-Orbit Servicing
Robert Bell is Executive Director of the Society of Satellite Professionals International (SSPI), where he is responsible for the programs, finances and operations of the Society. Under his leadership, SSPI has introduced new programs focusing on advancing satellite industry workforce practices and promoting enormous contributions of satellite to the world economy, governance, human welfare, peace and security. His team has also established effective partnerships with educational institutions and associations to attract young people to careers in the first and most successful business operating in space today. A frequent speaker and writer on satellite topics, Robert has contributed content to Via Satellite, Satellite News, Asia-Pacific Satellite, Satellite Executive Briefing and Telecommunications, and has appeared in segments of ABC World News and The Discovery Channel.
SOCIETY Working Group on On-Orbit Servicing
Chris Johnson is a Project Manager for Secure World Foundation and has four years of professional experience in international space law and policy. Prior to joining SWF, Mr. Johnson worked as an attorney in New York City and entered the space field in 2010 as an intern at the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (OOSA) in Vienna, Austria during the 53rd Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS). He has also served as an intern in the Office of International and Interagency Relations (OIIR) at NASA Headquarters in Washington, DC, and as a legal stagiaire in the International Law and EU Legal Affairs division at the European Space Agency’s Legal Department at ESA Headquarters in Paris, France.
Mr. Johnson holds a Bachelor's of Art (B.A) degree in English from Michigan State University; a Juris Doctor (J.D.) from New York Law School; and an Advanced Masters in Law (LL.M.) in Air and Space Law from Leiden University’s International Institute of Air and Space Law. He also has professional certificates from New York University’s School of Continuing and Professional Studies, and the Oxford Institute of Legal Practice. Mr. Johnson was admitted to practice law in New York State in 2005, and in England and Wales in 2008. He attended the 2010 European Centre for Space Law (ECSL) Summer Program in Space Law and Policy at the Universidad de Jaén, Spain. He also attended the International Space University (ISU) 2011 Space Studies Program in Graz, Austria with scholarships from the European Space Agency and the UK Space Agency, and the 2012 ISU Masters in Science program in Strasbourg, France with a scholarship from the European Space Agency. In 2013, he returned to ISU to serve as a Teaching Associate in Space Policy, Economics, and Law.
POLICY Working Group on CubeSat Swarms
Stephanie Wan is a System Analyst at Overlook Systems Technologies Inc. and provides support to NASA’s Space Communication and Navigation (SCaN) Office in Washington, DC. She graduated from American University in 2008 with a B.A. in International Studies, and a M.A. in International Science and Technology Policy, with a focus in Space Policy from The George Washington University in 2010.
During her educational studies, she focused on education and outreach, Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), small satellites (especially cubesats), Asia Pacific cooperation, space communications, non-profit organizations, and international development. Her international studies and travel interests have led her to live abroad in Belgium, China, Japan, and South Korea. In addition to her Masters studies, she was the President of the GW Space Society (GWSS), the student organization to gather the young space professionals, current space policy students, and alums in the city. She has interned for a variety of organizations and companies, including: NASA, SpaceWorks Commercial, the Federal Communications Commission and SRI International.
She is currently one of the Youth for GNSS (YGNSS) project co-leads and part of the Strategic Partnerships Team in the Space Generation Advisory Council (SGAC), an international non-profit organization that brings young space enthusiasts together to provide a voice in space policy. Through her activities with SGAC, she has been able to attend UN meetings and international space conferences around the world to support education and outreach.
INDUSTRY Working Group on Entrepreneurship and its Role in Space Industry
Mr. Ken Davidian has worked for the FAA's Office of Commercial Space Transportation (AST) in Washington, DC since 2008 and is currently the AST Director of Research and Program Manager for the FAA Center of Excellence for Commercial Space Transportation.
Mr. Davidian's currently serves as a member of the Ohio State University Aerospace Engineering External Advisory Board, Associate Editor of the New Space Journal, co-chair for the IAA "Public/Private Human Access to Space – Earth Orbit and Beyond" study group and Chair of the IAF Entrepreneurial & Investment Committee. Previously, Mr. Davidian led the AIAA Commercial Space Group and was the AAS VP of Strategic Communications
In 1983, Mr. Davidian began his career at the NASA Lewis Research Center in Cleveland, OH, working in the area of analytical and experimental research on the performance of liquid rocket engines. Between 1997 and 1999, Mr. Davidian was assigned by NASA to work as the Assistant Director of Operations for the Summer Session Program at the International Space University in Strasbourg, France.
In 2001, Davidian left government service and entered the private sector and worked for Paragon Space Development Corp. as a consultant in the role of Director of Operations for CargoLifter Development near Berlin, Germany, as Director of Operations for the X PRIZE Foundation in St. Louis, MO and then again for Paragon as corporate Program Manager in Tucson, AZ.
In 2004, Davidian moved to Washington, DC to work on NASA's prize program, Centennial Challenges. He started as a contractor and then reentered civil service when he was hired by NASA Headquarters in 2007, as the Program Manager for Centennial Challenges.
Davidian received his BS degree in Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering from the Ohio State University in 1983, and an MS degree in Mechanical Engineering from Case Western Reserve University in 1987. He attended the International Space University Summer Session Program in 1989.
Su-Yin Tan - Lecturer in Geomatics, Director of Applied Geomatics Research Laboratory, University of Waterloo
EARTH OBSERVATION Working Group on Earth Observation for Maritime Services
Dr. Su-Yin Tan is a Senior Lecturer in the Geomatics Program, Director of the Applied Geomatics Research Laboratory (AGRL), and Associate Director of the Aviation Program at the University of Waterloo, Canada.
Her specialisation is in geographic information systems, remote sensing, and spatial data analysis. Dr. Tan is a distinguished Gates Scholar and received her PhD degree from the University of Cambridge (UK), two Masters degrees from Oxford University (UK) and Boston University (USA), and BSc (Env) from the University of Guelph (Canada). She was previously a Visiting Researcher at the Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford (UK) and a member of Christ Church College.
Dr. Tan has an interdisciplinary background in the environmental sciences and spatial analysis methodologies in a range of application areas, such as climatology, ecosystem modelling, and remote sensing. She is a faculty member of the International Space University (ISU), currently serving as the Department Chair of Space Applications and member of the ISU Academic Council. In the past decade, Dr. Tan has received over 16 awards and scholarships, including a prestigious Presidential University Graduate Fellowship and Overseas Research Scholarship.
Originally from Papua New Guinea, she has a diverse international background and built a record of teaching and research excellence in North America, Australia, Asia, South America, and Europe.
NOTE: Some of the speakers will also act as Subject Matter Experts for some of the working groups
One of the primary components of the Space Generation Congress is the working group sessions. Each delegate is assigned into one of five groups. The groups in the break-out sessions discuss a pertinent space topic, which is guided by Subject matter experts from the field, who will join these working groups to support them with knowledge to make the group discussions more fruitful. The preliminary conclusions of each group are presented to the rest of the delegates on the last afternoon of SGC and the final conclusions are written into reports that are presented at the International Astronautical Congress, the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, and other conferences around the world in the year following the Congress. For last year's report, please see here.
If you are an SGC Confirmed Delegate, please make sure you submit your Working Group Preference in this form.
The five topics of this year are:
- On Orbit Servicing: Commercial Opportunities with Security Implications
- CubeSat Swarms – Communication Networks and Policy Challenges
- Ethic and Policy of new Human Space Exploration Strategies
- Entrepreneurship and its Role in Space Industry
- Earth Observation for Maritime Services
You do not need to be an expert on the selected topic, the aim is for you to learn and explore new areas in the space sector. The moderators, experts and the SGC Team will provide you material and guidance to get ready for the SGC!
*If you are sponsor interested to support any of the above topics, please contact SGC Congress Manager, Andrea Jaime (عنوان البريد الإلكتروني هذا محمي من روبوتات السبام. يجب عليك تفعيل الجافاسكربت لرؤيته.)
On Orbit Servicing: Commercial Opportunities with Security Implications (kindly sponsored by the Secure World Foundation)
On orbit servicing will soon become a reality. The ability of a spacecraft to perform ranging, proximity, and rendezvous operations on other orbiting spacecraft will allow satellite refueling, maintenance, and repair. These capabilities will also enable spacecraft to track, capture, and dispose of existing space debris, freeing space in valuable orbits and mitigating the potential creation of debris. Government contracts and commercial opportunities will emerge for any company capable of performing these novel services.
However, the ability to approach and capture satellites can be used for nefarious purposes. Space is the ultimate high ground, and space technology is dual-use technology. A government’s crucial space infrastructure can be put at risk, and commercial satellite constellations can be degraded and taken off-line. Why should governments with crucial space infrastructure, used as the backbone for military and security operations, allow these technologies to develop and be offered commercially? Who is to ensure that these technologies won’t be used to upset the balance of power in space and on Earth?
The Working Group could explore:
- the stakeholders in on-orbit servicing and space debris removal;
- the political and legal challenges to on orbit servicing and debris removal.
The Working Group could propose recommendations on:
- how to ensure the political and legal practicality of on-orbit servicing;
- how to convince governments to license and regulate this activity, either through government contracts to service government satellites, or permitting commercial on-orbit servicing.
CubeSat Swarms – Communication Networks and Policy Challenges (kindly sponsored by NASA SCaN)
CubeSats have been increasingly popular over the past few years. The CubeSat standard has evolved from its student-focused educational origins; it now serves as a platform for scientific research and commercial operations. The deployment of swarms or constellations of CubeSats, like NASA’s Edison Demonstration of Smallsat Networks (EDSN) mission, potentially allows technology demonstrations of computing and scientific research capabilities equivalent to large satellite platforms.
This research approach brings challenges in communication and coordination of the swarms. Constellation communication networks require the capacity to support multiple smaller spacecraft. Novel approaches to address these challenges must comply with current communication policies, but current policies may not be enough. Policy makers will have to reevaluate the current policy and mechanism infrastructure to allow innovations in communication technology for small satellites without compromising operational systems.
The Working Group could explore:
- current and future communication technologies for supporting CubeSat missions and their compliance with existing policies;
- existing plans for CubeSats manifests with focus on CubeSat swarms and constellations;
- roles of institutions (new as well as established players), affected by the emerging communication needs of CubeSats.
The Working Group could propose recommendations on:
- how to provide communication support to swarms of CubeSats from the policy point of view, considering the technological limits;
- what are the policy implications for those support models in the future, for CubeSats as well as for larger missions;
- policy changes with potential to make a positive impact on the CubeSat industry segment and the implications of these changes on the overall industry.
Ethic and Policy of new Human Space Exploration Strategies
Governments are no longer the only players engaged in human space exploration. Recent non-governmental activities include orbital tourism, stratospheric balloons, one-way tickets to Mars, and asteroid mining missions. Organizations entering the human space flight field are employing new exploration and business strategies, like the Global Exploration Roadmap, prepared by the International Space Exploration Coordination Group (ISECG). Some of these strategies are less risk-averse than previous space exploration strategies; missions resulting from such strategies will thus include a higher potential risk to human life.
The United Nations (UN) has the task of coordinating the regulation of space exploration. This regulation is achieved through many means, including the UN treaties and principles on outer space. Are current existing ethical standards and policies ready to deal with these newly developed exploration strategies? Can commercial players justify their high-risk manned missions? Should the UN take steps impede volunteers to take these risks? Does the UN have this ability?
The Working Group could explore:
- the difference in goals and strategies between commercial and governmental space endeavors with focus on policy and ethics;
- the implications of new exploration strategies on long term sustainability of space exploration;
- the benefits and drawbacks of UN involvement in new exploration strategies;
- the implications of currently existing ethics and policies on selected new human space exploration strategies.
The Working Group could propose recommendations on:
- how to behave and act regarding the new human space exploration strategies from an ethical perspective;
- how to adopt and extend existing policies to incorporate new strategies;
- a UN agenda item to discuss new policy for human space exploration strategies.
Entrepreneurship and its Role in Space Industry
Entrepreneurship plays an important economic role due to its potential to generate growth and to create jobs. Entrepreneurial activities are efficient in promoting innovations that are essential for sustainable society development since they are more inclined to accept risk, can be more productive (e.g., by reducing transaction costs and other efficiency-seeking activities), and are typically more agile compared to established organizations.
Entrepreneurship within the space industry is starting to play an increasingly important role with direct support by and influence on the established organizations. However, the number of start-ups directly related to space is still very low compared to other business sectors. To aid industry development and growth, the space industry must identify additional channels to stimulate space-oriented entrepreneurship activities and to support innovations.
The industry working group will address the concept of entrepreneurship and its role within the space industry. The working group should facilitate discussions on specific aspects of entrepreneurship with the space industry, on the importance of entrepreneurship for industry development, and on channels to support students and young professionals in their entrepreneurial endeavors.
The Working Group could explore:
- the concept of “entrepreneurship” and its role in the space sector;
- different types of start-ups and their positions in the space sector;
- the current trends of entrepreneurial initiatives, such as NewSpace;
- new industrial segments emerging based on current entrepreneurial activities;
- existing support from the public (space agencies, governments) and private institutions to promote entrepreneurship in the space sector.
The Working Group could propose recommendations on:
- how to foster entrepreneurship initiatives within the space sector by public and private entities;
- how to remove the existing barriers entrepreneurship is facing in the space sector;
- how can UN COPUOS directly support entrepreneurship initiatives within the space sector.
Earth Observation for Maritime Services
Space technology provides valuable contributions to applications in the maritime domain. Such contributions include ship routing, environmental monitoring, law enforcement, and humanitarian matters. These applications, which will be of increased importance in the near future, cover scientific as well as operational activities and involve a wide range of stakeholders from the institutional and commercial sectors.
The Working Group will address remote sensing applications (making use of active and passive Earth observation sensors) for maritime services, taking into account synergies with satellite-based telecommunication and navigation services.
The Working Group could:
- discuss existing maritime applications and their users;
- explore current and potential space capabilities used for maritime monitoring;
- analyze the stakeholders involved in the sector;
- assess the benefits of space technology in the field;
- identify the challenges faced in the development and the use of space capabilities for maritime applications;
- evaluate data access policies and their implication for the various stakeholders.
The Working Group could propose recommendations on:
- solutions to tackle the identified challenges;
- how to promote novel applications with high socio-economic benefits;
- synergies between sensors that could be encouraged;
- international cooperation schemes to leverage benefits and minimize risks;
- collaboration models between public and private sector.
Stop by the SGAC booth at the Exhibition Hall of the International Astronautical Congress!
Look for the Booth Number #229, stop by and just introduce yourself to one of our members there! You can find the complete floor plan, here.
What will I find there?
Apart of all specific information about the organisation, including flyers and reports, you will find a group of fun and great young professionals and students with whom you can share your ideas and projects!
Specific Events at the SGAC Booth or during the IAC
28/09/2014, 10am to 2pm - Room 802B, Toronto Metro Convention Center. White Paper/ESA Ministerial Workshop, click "SGAC Workshop to Discuss the Upcoming ESA Ministerial" to participate. - Registration in advance needed - for free.
1/10/2014, 6:30pm to 8pm - SGAC, ISU, WD/YPP, NewGen Reception: This is the annual New Gen reception at the SGAC booth, this year kindly sponsored by the Space Foundation, and partnered with the International Space University and the WD/YPP Committee. Come to our reception, and enjoy some drinks and food while you network with other professionals in the space sector! - No registration needed, it is included for all Young Professionals, ISU Alumni and SGAC members at IAC - just collect your invitation at the SGAC or ISU Booth.
SGAC Event at the GNF - More details to come!
SGAC Public Event in Toronto - SGAC will partner with the UTAT to offer an space outreach event to the city of Toronto. More details to come!
|Signing MoUs at the booth||Meetings||SGAC Reception|
|Outreach Events at the GNF||SGAC Panels|
|Young Professionals Meeting Point||SGAC Public Space Outreach Events||Networking|
Practical Information about Beijing and China
Travel to Beijing
If travelling to China, your passport must be valid for at least six months after the duration of your intended stay and you must also be able to provide evidence of a return or onward ticket. A visa is required for all travellers to China whether for tourism, business, employment or study purposes. You should ensure that you obtain the appropriate visa for the purpose of your visit. It is very difficult to obtain a visa at Chinese border entry points.
If your passport is lost or stolen while in China, you will firstly need to obtain an official loss report from the local police (this report can be used when checking in to a hotel and will be necessary for obtaining a new passport and Chinese visa). You will need to obtain a replacement passport from your nearest embassy or consulate, as well as a Chinese visa to allow you to leave China. Issue of a visa by the Chinese authorities can take up to five working days, and can be delayed significantly longer during Chinese holiday periods. We encourage you to keep a copy of your passport and Chinese visa in a safe place when travelling in China.
Chinese authorities strictly enforce penalties for entry and exit visa violations. Current regulations include a 500RMB fine (not to exceed 5,000RMB) for each day overstayed, and/or detention. The period of detention can range from 5 to 30 days depending on the severity of the violation.
We recommend that travellers ensure they depart China before their visa expiry date.
Make sure your passport has at least six months' validity from your planned date of return. You should carry copies of a recent passport photo with you in case you need a replacement passport while overseas.
Climate & Clothing
September in Beijing presents cool mornings and evenings. From late September, the temperature differences between day and night get wider, with average high and low temperatures reaching 26C (79F) and 15C (59F), respectively.
If you are arriving in early September, summer clothing will suffice. If you plan to come later in the month, bring both short and long-sleeved clothing, and prepare a light coat for the morning and evening chill.
If possible, bring some cold medication as temperatures between day and night differ substantially, making it easier to catch cold. Beijing goes back to its dry conditions in autumn, so drink plenty of water and stay hydrated. Try to avoid crowds at the end of the month before Chinese National Day.
Do not board illegal taxis or tour buses in Beijing! All registered taxis in Beijing have a plaque number that begins with “B” and are equipped with a light on top of the vehicle, as well as a meter inside.
It is better to hail a taxi from the road than to enter a taxi that has been waiting somewhere. An empty taxi must show a red light in the front window.
In Beijing, there are 17 subway lines in operation with a total mileage of 442 kilometres (about 275 miles) in the city. To attract more passengers and relieve traffic pressure, a subway ride costs only CNY @ regardless of distance and transfers, which is the cheapest amongst all of China’s urban rail systems. Due to frequent traffic jams, especially during rush hours, the subway is probably the most time-saving transport means in the city.
More information on routes and timetables:
There are over 20,000 city buses servicing more than 700 routes in Beijing. Compared with subways, buses cover more areas of the city, and even some far suburban areas such as Badaling and Mutianyu Great Wall. To make bus travel easier, the local government has built bus lanes and opened express bus lines.
More information on routes and timetables:
Top Tourist Attractions
Ringed by a 52m-wide moat at the very heart of Beijing, the fantastically named Forbidden City is China's largest and best-preserved complex of ancient buildings. So called because it was off limits for 500 years, when it was steeped in stultifying ritual and Byzantine regal protocol, the otherworldly palace was the reclusive home to two dynasties of imperial rule until the Republic demoted the last Qing emperor to has-been.
798 Art District
A disused and converted electronics factory built by the East Germans, 798 Art District is Beijing’s leading concentration of contemporary art galleries. The industrial complex celebrates its proletarian roots in the communist heyday of the 1950s via retouched red Maoist slogans decorating gallery interiors and statues of burly, lantern-jawed workers. The voluminous factory workshops are ideally suited to art galleries that require space for multimedia installations and other ambitious projects. You could easily spend a day visiting the complex and its cafes and restaurants, making 798’s noncentral inaccessibility less of an inconvenience and more of an opportunity for an outing.
Once a playground for the imperial court fleeing the suffocating summer torpor of the Forbidden City, the palace grounds, temples, gardens, pavilions, lakes, bridges, gate-towers and corridors of the Summer Palace are a marvel of landscaping. Unlike the overpowering flatland of the Forbidden City or the considered harmonies of the Temple of Heaven, the Summer Palace – with its huge lake, hilltop views and energising walks – offers a pastoral escape into the landscapes of traditional Chinese painting.
Mutianyu (Great Wall of China)
Famed for its Ming-era guard towers and excellent views, the 3 km-long section of wall at Mutianyu, northeast of Beijing in Huairou County, is largely a recently restored Ming dynasty structure that was built upon an earlier Northern Qi dynasty edifice. US President Bill Clinton came here (Reagan went to Badaling), if that’s anything to go by.
Flanked by stern 1950s Soviet-style buildings and ringed by white perimeter fences, the world's largest public square (440,000 square metres) is an immense flatland of paving stones at the heart of Beijing.
In the square, one stands in the symbolic centre of the Chinese universe. The rectangular arrangement, flanked by halls to both east and west, to some extent echoes the layout of the Forbidden City: as such, the square employs a conventional plan that pays obeisance to traditional Chinese culture, but many of its ornaments and buildings are Soviet-inspired. Mao conceived the square to project the enormity of the Communist Party, so it's all a bit Kim Il-Sungish. During the Cultural Revolution, the Chairman, wearing a Red Guard armband, reviewed parades of up to a million people here.
For more sights in Beijing, visit Lonely Planet:
Safety & Security
Tourist Scams in Beijing
There are a number of common scams running in China and travellers should exercise common sense and caution when approached by strangers. Below are some common examples of scams operating around Beijing and throughout China.
The Scam: You’ve just walked out of the airport terminal and a taxi driver walks up to you and offers to take you into town for a special price – they are probably unregistered taxi drivers, meaning they are a private driver. They often charge ¥400 - ¥500 or more for a trip that should only cost around ¥100.
These illegal taxis are also often parked at major tourist destinations.
How to avoid: Only take registered taxis – These can be identified by their licence place, which should have “京B …”. DO NOT get into a taxi unless you see the B.
A registered taxi VS unregistered taxi – note the ”京B…”
Always make sure the driver uses the metre. If they claim that it is broken, get out and find another taxi. Flag taxis down at official taxi ranks or down on the street – do not approach parked taxis.
Ask your hotel staff to give an estimate of fare and write the price on a piece of paper together with the destination to show the driver.
Tea House Scam
The Scam: You’ll be approached by people on the street, usually young girls who claim to be students. After some casual banter, they will suggest that you go to a tea house that they enjoy visiting. In short, you will be misled about pricing and will ultimately receive a large and unreasonable bill.
How to avoid: Say you don’t drink tea and suggest going to a nearby café instead (e.g. Starbucks). If they insist on a certain place, walk away.
The Art Gallery Scam
The Scam: You will be approached by people on the street who often claim to be students. They will tell you about their art exhibition, and ask if you want to see their paintings. Once inside their ‘gallery’, you will be ‘pressured’ into purchasing overpriced art.
How to avoid it: Tell them you’re in a rush or that you’re not interested in art.
The Scam: There have been a few reports of this happening near the Forbidden City, Beijing. A rickshaw driver may offer you a short ride to a nearby attraction for a small sum – e.g. ¥3. They will take you down a quiet alley and the driver will claim that they actually meant ¥300. Reports say that the driver may become physically aggressive when you refuse to pay.
How to avoid it: Rickshaws in Beijing operate purely for tourists – they are not a form of transportation for locals. If you want to ride a rickshaw, find one in an area where they are common. Also be wary of very low prices: anything below ¥10 is unrealistic. If you do get caught up in the scam, try to stand your ground: shout and show that you are not intimidated. Alternatively, run!
The KTV Scam
The Scam: You’ll be approached by people on the street who often claim to be students. They will instigate conversation and outline that they are interested in learning about your culture and hope to practise their English. They will invite you to join them to a KTV (Karaoke) Bar. In short, you will be hit with a large and unreasonable bill and potentially hassled by unruly security guards if you refuse to pay.
How to avoid it: Outline that you’re not interested in KTV or that you are unwell and unable to sing, drink and/or dance… Also be aware that you need not be lured into this trap – many tourists walk straight into KTV Bars and get hit with this scam!
The Bar Tab Scam
The Scam: Many bars in touristic areas will have a special menu in English that has much higher prices than the Chinese menu.
How to avoid: Do not order until you are clear on the costs. Keep track of what you have ordered and carefully check the tab before paying.
Fake Helpers at the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong
The Scam: An official-looking figure will approach you as you queue to enter Mao’s tomb. They will tell you that you cannot take your bags in (which is true), and then take you to a nearby locker where you can store your gear. They may also tell you that you are not allowed to wear shoes into the tomb – this is not necessarily true.
How to avoid: Leave your gear at the official locker room before queuing, this should be around ¥10. Dress appropriately and avoid flip flops, singles and tank tops. Politely ignore any officials wearing light-blue uniform attempting to lure you to separate lockers.
The Chinese Medicine Scam
The Scam: Cheap, unofficial tour groups may take you to traditional Chinese medicine clinics where you will be offered ‘free’ foot washes, consultations and examinations. At the end of your faux consultation, you will be issued a list of ailments and matching shopping list of necessary medicine (actually weeds, twigs and grass) to cure you and restore you health.
How to avoid: Avoid unofficial tours – these are generally people who will approach you on the streets and ask if you are interested in going anywhere in particular. If you find yourself at a fake consultation, do not buy anything and emphasise that you will not be able to take the plant-matter home due to customs.
Currency & Banking
The official currency in China is the Renminbi (RMB) or “People’s Currency”.
The basic unit is “yuan” (元), also known as “kuai” (块), which equals ten “jiao” (角), also known as “mao” (毛), which is then divided into ten “fen” (分).
1 yuan (kuai) = 10 jiao (mao) = 100 fen
Paper currency comes in 1, 2, 5, 10, 50 and 100 yuan notes.
Paper “jiao” come in denominations of 1, 2 and 5. There are also 1 and 2 “fen” notes, but these are rarely used.
Coins come in 1 fen, 2 fen, 5 fen, 1 jiao, 5 jiao and 1 yuan.
Major credits such as MasterCard, Visa and American Express can be used to purchase goods in large department stores. Credit cards cannot be used in small restaurants or small convenience stores.
The Chinese Government is working hard against counterfeit money. It is still important to be aware of this.
Ways to identify counterfeit money are by colour, watermark, paper quality and braille dots. The true colour of RMB notes is difficult to emulate, and counterfeit bills are often unclear or fuzzy – the images are not sharp. The watermark on counterfeit money is also unclear. The best way to test paper is under black light. Finally, each denomination of yuan notes has a corresponding number in braille in the lower left hand corner of the front side. It may be difficult to notice, but the dots are slightly embossed on the surface of the paper.
Customs & Taxes
The Chinese Customs Administration requires that travellers carrying over US$6,000 (or equivalent in foreign currencies) in cash must declare it upon arrival in China. The declaration should be kept safely and shown to customs officials upon departure. Travellers who wish to depart China carrying between US$6,000 and US$10,000 (or equivalent in foreign currencies) should obtain permission from a Chinese bank to do so.
Shopping & Business Hours
Government Offices in Beijing are generally open on Monday to Friday, from 08.00 to 17.00, with a lunch break of about one hour in between. Companies’ offices are also generally open from Monday to Friday, 09.00 to 18.00.
Most scenic areas in Beijing sell entrance tickets from 08.00 to 16.00. Some are much earlier, such as Temple of Heaven, Beihai Park and Summer Palace.
Shops are generally open 7 days a week from 09.00 and close between 19.00 to 21.00. Offices are usually closed on public holidays, including News Year’s Day, Chinese Lunar New Year, Labour Day and National Day (1 October – 7 days off).
Throughout the city of Beijing, there are many indoor markets that are bursting with clothes, electrical items and souvenirs. For tourists, these are hotspots for buying clothes and gifts. Prices can be cheaper however you need to be prepared to fight for them with some haggling. NEVER accept the first price they give you!
For some handy tips, check out this YouTube video:
International calls can be made directly from hotel rooms with IDD phones. Simply dial the international prefix 00, country code, area code and number. Some large post offices also provide this service. Otherwise, search for roadside kiosis with the IDD sign.
Magnetic phone cards and IC phone cards for IDD calls are available in major telecommunications offices and large hotels. China phone cards are specially issued to offer domestic long-distance and international call services in any direct-dial phone around the city.
Make sure your handset is 900/1800 dual-band compatible and unlocked.
The two major companies to consider are China Mobile and China Unicom. China Mobile is said to be best for coverage all over China. If you will only be in Beijing, this may not be important, but if you are touring China, then a China Mobile SIM may be the best choice.
SIM cards are readily available at Beijing International Airport, department stores, bookstores, post offices, tobacco stores, convenience stores and some street kiosks. Pre-paid SIM cards are sold for 50 RMB and 100 RMB.
When purchasing a SIM card, simply ask the salesperson for a “SIM ka” whilst pointing to your mobile phone. You will generally be shown a list of numbers to choose from.
To set up your SIM card, simply follow the instructions provided in the leaflet. If you can’t read or write Chinese, you can request the salesperson to insert the card for you and make sure that it is working, or you can ask a SGC Local Organising Team member for assistance.
Drinkable tap water is only available at a few of the best hotels – tourists should always make sure with staff before drinking. Flasks of hot and cold boiled water in rooms are signs of non-drinkable tap water.
Bottled mineral water is inexpensive and widely available in all stores and street kiosks. Sometimes, bottled water may be freely provided by the hotel.
Most hotels have access to a medical practitioner. They can also assist guests with purchasing medication or, if necessary, going to the hospital. Below is a list of a few local hospitals and clinics that cater to foreigners:
- Beijing United Family Hospital
2 Jiangtai Road, Chaoyang District
- Sino-Japanese Friendship Hospital
Ying Hua Dong Lu, He Ping Li
Tel: 86-10-6422 2965; 86-10-6422 1122
- Peking Union Medical College Hospital
Shuaifuyuan, Wangfujing, Dongcheng District
Tel: 6529 5284
24-hour emergency: 6529 5269
- Hong Kong International Medical Clinic, Bejing
2 Chaoyangmenwai, Dongcheng District
Tel: 6553 2288
The official language of China is Mandarin Chinese. Most hotel staff can speak English, but communication may be difficult on the street.
When travelling by taxi, ask someone to write down the address of your destination in Chinese and be sure to carry your hotel card for your trip home. Street signs have Chinese characters as well as Pinyin (Romanised Chinese).
When addressing somebody, please remember that in China, the surname comes before the first name.
How are you?
nǐ hǎo ma
What’s your name?
nǐ jiào shénme míngzi
Can you speak English?
nǐ huì shuō yīngyǔ ma?
多少钱？ / 几块？
duōshǎo qián? / jǐ kuài
手机智能卡 / SIM 卡
shǒujī zhìnéngkǎ / SIM kǎ
Běijīng Hángkōng Hángtiān Dàxué /
Běi Háng Dàxué
China National Convention Centre
Guójiā huìyì zhōngxīn
Hello, I would like to go to Beihang University. The address is:
37 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing
For an outline on how to pronounce Chinese (Mandarin) words, please check out:
This page shall give you some useful information concerning the Space Generation Congress, in order to facilitate your planning and to encourage your participation.
You can be sure: it will be worth it!
- How do I secure my spot at SGC 2014?
- What does it cost?
- How do I pay for my registration?
- What do I need to know about SGC 2014?
- Where and how can I connect to other delegates and the organisers?
- What else should I know about Toronto?
How do I secure my spot at SGC 2014?
Step 1: You visit the SGC 2014 Homepage and apply online
Step 2: SGAC reviews your application for approval/denial
Step 3: If your application is approved, pay the full registration cost -- only the first 130 people to pay their registration fees in full will attend SGC 2014
Admissions are rolling. This means applications are reviewed as they come in. The sooner you apply, the sooner your application will be reviewed for approval, the sooner you can secure your SGC spot by paying the registration costs, and the sooner you can make your travel arrangements!
Space Generation Congress attendance is limited to 130 people, so only the most motivated applicants will attend.
For information on the registration costs please see below. Preferred payment is via bank transfer but Paypal is also available; please see below for bank details. If, for any reason, you require further assistance or confirmation, please let us know: عنوان البريد الإلكتروني هذا محمي من روبوتات السبام. يجب عليك تفعيل الجافاسكربت لرؤيته.. Please note that the full registration cost is non-refundable.
What does it cost?
SGC Delegate (Full-time student): 135€ for early bird registration (25 June ). 180€ for late registration (payment done after 26 June).
SGC Delegate (Young Professional): 175€ for early bird registration (25 June ). 220€ for late registration (payment done after 26 June).
The registration includes the attendance to the Space Generation Congress and the following points
- SGAC Shirt
- SGC Delegate Handbook
- SGC Delegate Welcome Pack
- Lunch on the 25th, 26th and 27th at the Holiday Inn Yorkdale Hotel
- SGC Opening Dinner
- SGC Gala Dinner at the Ontario Science Center
- WIFI available at the venue
- Coffee breaks in the 25th, 26th and 27th at the Holiday Inn Yorkdale Hotel
- SGC Cultural Night Facilities at the Holiday Inn Yorkdale Hotel
- Transportation to Gala Dinner
- Speakers, Staff and material needed for the working groups
- Your SGC Badge, which will give you access to all of the above.
all the three lunches, coffee breaks, some of the transportation, and the opening Dinner and the Space Generation Congress Gala Dinner.
How do I pay for my registration?
SGC registration is completed when the payment is done. There are only 130 spots available, and they are first come, first served based on when payment has been received. Also, these spots are only open to people who had applied by the June 25 deadline. SGAC prefers Bank transfer.
SGC IS SOLD OUT - Please contact the Congress Manager for specific requests. SGAC is not accepting further payments or registrations, and therefore any further payment would be consider a donation to the organisation.
All registration fees are non-refundable.
SGAC Bank Details
|Bank Name||Bank of Austria|
|Bank Address||Vordere Zollamtstrasse 13,
Vienna, A-1030, Austria
Space Generation Beirat zur Unterst.d.Progr.
Payment via Paypal
What do I need to know about SGC 2014?
You can find a link to the preliminary timetable of SGC events. More info on the specific working group topics will be available shortly.
You should plan to arrive in Toronto on the 24 September, when we will have an optional welcome evening for all delegates and staff prior to the actual meeting days of 25 - 27 September.
The dress code for SGC is business casual, however the dress code is formal clothing or your local national costume for the final gala closing dinner. For those attending IAC, formal business clothing is mostly expected at IAC day and evening events.
There is no specific packing list, but here are some things you might want to take:
- Passport and Tourist VISA (if required)
- A laptop computer for SGC work (if you have one)
- An electrical adapter to change voltage or shape connector for any appliances brought overseas.
- Modest autumn clothing. A mix between summer weather outside and AC inside all the buildings.
- Toronto guide book
- Business cards
And some recommendations:
- Toronto is not an unsafe city, but it is recommended to take care of your belongings and don’t trust unknown people, or especially people selling things in the street.
- There are some areas which are also not recommended to walk during night, so be aware of your surroundings. It is recommended that you walk in groups.
Where and how can I connect to other delegates and the organisers?
Explicitly for the purposes of introducing yourself to other delegates, discussing SGC organisation and work group planning, and exchanging information on travel planning, an SGC Facebook page have been created. Simply go here.
Please check these forums together with the SGC website regularly for latest news and updates.
What else should I know about Toronto?
SGAC has prepared an overall summary of things to know about Canada, so please check this on the Practical Information for some Information and Culture, Language and Insider Tips that will be shortly available in the SGC Website.