Welcome to the SGAC Romania page!
National Point of Contact
Romania’s role in space activities is developing constantly as an EU member state and Member of the European Space Agency. Development can be observed both within the professional and academic sector, and also from a broad perspective within the technical, political and, lately, legal sectors.
Furthermore, Mr. Dumitru Prunariu, the first and only Romanian astronaut, was elected chairman of UN COPUOS. Hence, the role of our country is expected to grow accordingly in all space related activities.
On the 22nd of December 2011, Romania became the 19th full member of European Space Agency. For more information see the ESA page or ROSA page (it is available in Romanian only, but contains photos from the agreement signing ceremony). The New Year saw the Romanian Flag now flying at ESA sites alongside those of other Member States.
On the 13th of February 2012, the European Space Agency successfully performed the first qualification flight of its brand new Vega launch vehicle. One of the seven nano satellites that composed the payload is called Golliat, a Romanian production. For more information, see the Romanian Space Agency page.
We hope that you join SGAC to be a part of developing Romanian space!
Youth Space Activities Overview In Romania
Lately, Romanian institutions have been trying to attract younger audience towards the space mysteries through various programs and events. SGAC members, along with space enthusiast have been an active part during this process. Most of the activities take place under the auspices of the Romanian Space Agency, as well as under those of the engineering, technical and law faculties throughout the country, all of which are particularly oriented in education and outreach. In addition, Romania supports international space related events such as Yuri's Night and World Space Week. There are also new opportunities becoming available for the first time in Romania, such as the ability to complete a PhD in space law at the Institute for Legal Research within the Romanian Academy.
Also, in the past 3 months Romanian Students have been invited to be an active part in the International Space Agency by creating the Romania ISA Society, whose president I am. At the moment, this is a small society but we hope to grow and have more members.
Activities Unfolded In The Last Quarter Of 2013
Researchers’ night: In Romania, the event took place in 12 cities, and the University "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Iasi, along with a consortium of institutions very strong in research (University of Craiova, West University of Timisoara, Bucharest University, National Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation Physics, Institute of Physics, Babes- Bolyai University, Institute of Space Science and Antipas Museum) organized the evening in Iasi, Cluj, Timisoara and Craiova.
In Iasi, we froze flowers, vegetables, rubber with liquid nitrogen and then watched how they crumbled under the eyes of the audience; we used the power of vacuum to break plywood with Ping-Pong balls; we produced lightning and invited the participants to pedal the bike in order to find out how much energy they produce. In Bucharest, we prepared experiments in Tineretului Park: transmitting electrical signal through people / defying gravity – the cylinder that goes up the hill / music with a harp without strings. There were also open to the public the research labs of some institutions and Antipa Museum prepared several special activities (such as auditioning of insect sounds), which allow participants to understand in what the work of a researcher consists of.
Regarding our target audience students and children they could be involved even before the event, participating in our contests(photo contest of art and science, contest of paper airplanes, contest of science presentations) and also by coming in the event’s evening and making spectacular experiment with their own hands under the supervision of teachers and researchers.
World Space Week: There were 123 events registered for Romania (11% of the total of 1130 events registered worldwide) on the WSW 2013 website, spread all across the country, out of which 66 were mapped (12% of the total of 553 mapped events).
The events consisted of various activities and involved kindergarten, primary and middle school and high school students as well as their teachers, researches and charity foundations. Just to see a small part of what was going on in Romania during the World Space Week, I’ve selected two events that are eloquent for this purpose.
- World Space Week at the "Carturesti" Bookstore – Timisoara
The "Carturesti" Bookstore in the Iulius Mall has hosted, on the 5th of October from 5 PM onwards, several presentations dedicated to space: astronomy, robotics, astronaut training - moderated by Virgiliu Pop, Researcher at the Romanian Space Agency.
- World Vision Romania Foundation – Constanta: Children of the Cosmos
The activities unfolded by World Vision Romania Foundation during the World Space Week were: were visits at Constanta's Planetarium, Astronomy contest, "The planet from my dream" essay contest, "Cosmic landscapes on Earth" photo contest, Educational games for children about our system's planets, planets modeling (made of alternative and recycle materials) for kindergarten children, Extraterrestrial cross Party for kids.
Accomplishments In The Last Quarter Of 2013
An experiment led by the Institute of Space Sciences collects data from 2500m depth in the Mediterranean
Institute of Space Sciences (ISS) on the platform of Physics in Magurele successfully coordinated the preparatory phase of the experiment in international project KM3NeT- an undersea telescope that will lie in a volume of 6 cubic km in the Mediterranean. KM3NeT will study neutrinos of astrophysical origin and simultaneously will be an important tool in the search for dark matter in the Universe.
The device, called mini-DOM in the collaboration, was installed in the spring of 2013 in the Mediterranean, on one of the vertical underwater structures of KM3NeT at a depth of 2500m with an optical module prototype KM3NeT. Currently the device functions as the initial requirements and the data provided is analyzed in KM3NeT collaboration.
To this experiment have helped teams of researchers, engineers and technicians from France, Italy and the Netherlands. KM3NeT is a collaboration of over 200 members from 40 European institutes, part of the consortium ISS since April 2007 due to the expertise and experience of the ANTARES project.
KM3NeT Collaboration objective is to build an observatory to study the universe in "light" neutrinos. They can originate from distant sources such as gamma-ray bursts, supernovae or collisions between stars, or even yet unknown sources.
This month had a promising start with news and also projects Romania hopes to continue being involved in, thanks to the work of the ISS researchers.
- The Romanian Space Agency (ROSA) signed the Multilateral Agreement for the Euclid mission, during the Science Program Committee meeting, held on 28 November 2013, in Paris. Scheduled for launch in 2020, the Euclid mission will map the shape, brightness and 3D distribution of two billion galaxies, having as objective to identify the roles played by dark matter and dark energy in the evolution and expansion of the Universe.
In the image we have the 11 signatories to the Euclid Multilateral agreement, Paris, 29 November 2013. Credit: ESA – N. Imbert-Vier
- Magazine "Physics World", published by one of the largest physical societies in the world,
has given researchers working in the ESA Planck mission, the distinction of "Top 10 Breakthrough of the Year 2013" for the precise measurement of the cosmic microwave background.Researchers at the Institute of Space Sciences (ISS) involved in the Planck mission are: Dr. Lucia Popa and Dr. Ana Caramete.
- RoBiSAT is the name of the space mission that Spatial Sciences Institute (ISS) aims to develop and verify a critical technology in formation flight of Nano satellites. Specific objective of this initiative is studying the technological solutions to achieve radio communications to exchange data and commands between two identical satellites are low-Earth orbit.
- Three researchers from the Institute of Space Sciences (ISS) from the Platforms of Physics Magurele propose a unique fingerprint to identify microscopic black holes decay - black holes of very small quantum whose existence is still hypothetical. Identifying signature they proposed observations confirm string theory (string theory) and would change physics as we know it today. Romanian researchers' contributions have been published in the Journal of High Energy Physics Astroparticle Physics in, and the third article is being published in an internationally renowned publication.
For more details on the projects unfolded by ISS, you can see and download the SGAC Romania leaflet
Activities Currently Unfolding
Globe At Night
The Globe at Night program is an international citizen-science campaign to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by inviting citizen scientists to measure their night-sky brightness and submit their observations from a computer or smart phone. Light pollution threatens not only our "right to starlight," but also can adversely affect energy consumption, wildlife, and health. Nearly 100,000 measurements have been contributed from people in 115 countries during the campaigns over the last 8 years, making Globe at Night the most successful light-pollution-awareness program to date.
For 2014 Globe at Night offers four ways to measure night-sky brightness: the traditional method of matching what you see in a constellation with star charts; the use of a handheld digital device called a Sky Quality Meter; the use of the Loss of the Night app on Android phones, which asks you to find certain stars as a measure of star visibility; or the use of the Dark Sky Meter app on iPhone 4s and iPhone 5/5s/5c, which uses the phone's camera to measure night-sky brightness.
Explore the last 8 years of data in our interactive map, or see how your city did with our map app. The Globe at Night website is easy to use, comprehensive, and holds an abundance of background information. The database is usable for comparisons with a variety of other databases, such as how light pollution affects the foraging habits of bats.
For 2014, we will be collecting observations during particular dates each month, roughly between 8pm-10pm local time, when the Moon is not up. Those dates are:
* January 20-29
* February 19-28
* March 21-30
* April 20-29
* May 19-28
* June 17-26
* July 16-25
* August 15-24
* September 15-24
* October 14-23
* November 12-21
* December 11-20
2014 Annual Events To Come:
- Yuri's Night:Yuri’s Night is a global celebration of humanity’s past, present and future in space. Yuri’s Night parties and events are held around the world every April in commemoration of April 12, 1961, the day of cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin’s first manned spaceflight, and April 12, 1981, the inaugural launch of NASA’s Space Shuttle.
- School Otherwise (Scoala Altfel):The "To know more, to be better" program is in progress at the level of each school during a week of the 2nd school semester, a special schedule consisting only of non-formal activities.
- Younger, Older ... through the Universe (Cu mic, cu mare...prin Univers): This event is organized for school and high school students, as well as for their teachers. It consists of conferences, movie projections, presentations and contests where the participants can win prizes offered by the event sponsors.
- Researchers’ night: It is celebrated in the same evening in over 300 cities in Europe and takes place on the 27th of September.
- World Space Week:It is an international celebration of science and technology, taking place between the 4th and 10th of October.
Furthermore, I recommend you to follow Romania’s Space Agency (ROSA) Facebook Page, so you can be updated about all the events you might be interested in: https://www.facebook.com/AgentiaSpatialaRomana
Interesting Web Links for the Young Generation in Romania
Unfortunately, many of these sites are available only in Romanian, but we will work on creating English versions. In the meanwhile, if something in particular has raised your interest, you are more than welcome to contact the NPoC.
ARCA Space - ARCA is a non-profit organization and its main objective is the exploration of space. In order to reach this objective, ARCA is working to the development of cost effective space vehicles.
Inventeaza.ro - Inventeaza.ro is a youth technical creation center that supports innovative initiatives in the technical field.
Advanced Studies and Research Center
Thank you for visiting SGAC Romania page and we are looking forward for you to return!