The 4th Asia-Pacific Space Generation Workshop (AP-SGW 2017)

The Indian Space Industry

India’s humble journey with competitive space industry began in 1962 with the establishment of INCOSPAR (Indian National Committee for Space Research) under the visionary Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, father of Indian Space Programme. INCOSPAR was superseded by ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) in 1969 to institutionalize all space activities in India. The main interests of the space program is concentrated on achieving self reliance and developing capability to build and launch communication and remote sensing satellites. ISRO is managed by the Department of Space, and has its headquarters in Bengaluru,  along with a country wide network of research centers.

Ever since the nation’s first satellite Aryabhatta was launched in 1975, the Indian space industry has rapidly developed and stands out as one of the most cost-effective model in the world. ISRO has scripted history with remarkable missions such as Chandrayaan 1(India’s first lunar probe in 2008), Mars Orbiter Mission (2013), IRNSS (Indian navigational satellite system), INSAT and CartoSat series of satellites. ISRO’s polar satellite launch vehicle PSLV has registered a success rate of 95% (38 successful launches out of 40) and have successfully launched the GSLV Mk III, country’s heaviest lift vehicle with indigenous cryogenic engines for geosynchronous satellites. ISRO is also investing in preliminary research on human space exploration missions with its Crew Module Atmospheric Re-Entry Experiments (CARE).

India’s NewSpace Industry is also undergoing a positive evolution, with the Google Lunar XPrize Team Indus taking the lead to put a rover on Moon’s surface by end of 2017. Several private enterprises have emerged in recent years with aims to exploit the space technological prowess and to extend the space-based services throughout the nation.

2230 kg South Asia Satellite GSAT-9 (Credits - ISRO)

Mars full disc image from MOM (Credits - ISRO)

Team Indus Rover on the Moon (Credits - Team Indus)

GSLV Mk III Lift-Off (Credits - ISRO)



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