SGC 2016

2016 Space Generation Congress


The Space Generation Advisory Council is pleased to have another fantastic line-up of speakers for the 2016 Space Generation Congress. This page will be updated with more details as they become available, so check back often.


Closing Dinner Speakers

Charles Bolden 
NASA Administrator
National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Dr. David Kendall 
Chair of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space
United Nations


Francisco Javier Mendieta Jiménez 
Director General
Mexican Space Agency
Spotlight Speakers

Mr. Kyoshi Higuchi
International Astronautical Federation

Mr Lluc Diaz
Technology Transfer Programme Office Engineer
European Space Agency


Brett Biddington
Executive Director
IAC 2017 Local Organising Committee



W. Michael Hawes, DSc
Vice President & Orion Program Manager
Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company


Jean-Yves Le Gall
Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES)


Working Group Speakers


Mr. Jason Crusan
Director of Advanced Exploration Systems Division
National Aeronautics and Space Administration


Prof. Rosa María Ramírez de Arellano y Haro
General Director of International Affairs and Space Security
Mexican Space Agency



Mr. Daniel Oltrogge
Senior Research Astrodynamicist
Analytical Graphics Incorporated Center for Space Standards and innovation


Ms. Krystal Wilson
Project Manager
Secure World Foundation



Mr. Yusuke Muraki
Space Engineer
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency


Subject Matter Experts

Mr. Christopher D. Johnson
Project Manager
Secure World Foundation


Mr. Yusuke Muraki
Space Engineer
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency


Mr. Julio César Castillo Urdapilleta
Director of Space Security
Mexican Space Agency


Mr. Chris Mindnich
Legislative Liason
Overlook Systems Technologies Inc.


Erin Mahoney
Senior Communications Manager at Advanced Exploration Systems Division
National Aeronautics and Space Administration


Space Generation Congress 2016

Closing Dinner

The SGC Closing Dinner is an unique and exclusive event that will provide a proper closure for the 15th Space Generation Congress. Charles Bolden, NASA Administrator, and David Kendall, Chair of UNOOSA, will be the featured speakers.

Young professionals and students can discuss and network with senior professionals and space leaders while enjoying a culture-infused evening with delicious local Mexican food and traditional mariachi music. This is your chance to spend time with space agency directors, space organisation CEOs, and thought leaders to pave the road  for your career.

If you are attending the Space Generation Congress 2016 as a delegate, the closing dinner is included in the Congress ticket. 


SGC Closing Dinner 2015 in Israel


This SGC Closing Dinner will be held at Hacienda La Providencia in Guadalajara on Saturday, the 24th of September at 19:30hrs.  


 19:30 Welcome Reception

20:15 Dinner

22:00 Close

Address of Hacienda La Providencia

Prol. Río Blanco 1727, Vistas del Centinela, 45190 Zapopan, Jal., Mexico

SGAC aims to continue its mission of representing the next generation of space leaders, and ensure that they gain the skills necessary for their future careers.

To get your ticket go to: Password: SGC2016. All proceeds from the SGC Closing Dinner will go towards scholarships for SGC 2017 in Adelaide, Australia. While attending this dinner, you will be supporting the next generation of space professionals.

Since seating is strictly limited, please confirm your attendance to SGC Deputy Manager, Arnau Pons (该Email地址已收到反垃圾邮件插件保护。要显示它您需要在浏览器中启用JavaScript。) by Friday, 16th September 2016 indicating any special dietary requirements.



Click to Enlarge

Space Generation Congress 2016

Practical Information

To assist with your planning and participation, this page has useful information about the 2016 Space Generation Congress. Here you'll find out what you need to know about SGC 2016, how to connect with other delegates, and important information about the cultural city of Guadalajara. More information will be posted here as we get closer to the Congress and a delegate book outlining the information below in more depth will be sent to the registered participants.

Go to the How do I Register? page for information about registration, payment and pricing. We hope to see you in Guadalajara!

**If you have any further questions do not hesitate to contact the SGC Delegate Coordinators, Siddhesh Naik and Florian Ruhhammer (该Email地址已收到反垃圾邮件插件保护。要显示它您需要在浏览器中启用JavaScript。 & 该Email地址已收到反垃圾邮件插件保护。要显示它您需要在浏览器中启用JavaScript。) at any time.

What do I need to know about SGC 2016?

SGC 2016 is taking place on 22th - 24th September 2016  at the The Holiday Inn Expo Guadalajara. This venue has all the facilities to cover our needs, auditorium and session rooms, and it is also close to the IAC venue. The schedule of the Congress is on the website accessed on the side menu.

In order to receive the SGC 2016 discount rates, all bookings for each hotel must be done via phone or email with the hotel. Please see the hotel contact information:

Holiday Inn Guadalajara Expo

Av. Lopez Mateos Prima Sur 2500 Holiday Inn Guadalajara Expo. Ciudad del Sol 45050 Zapopan, Jalisco. Mexico  
Point of Contact: Elena Cuadra or Valeria Lopez
Phone: +
Email: 该Email地址已收到反垃圾邮件插件保护。要显示它您需要在浏览器中启用JavaScript。


If you would like to have a closer hotel to IAC, you can book a room at IBIS Expo. You can call or email them to make a reservation letting them know that you are part of SGAC. The contact information is:

Gabriela Nungaray / Magaly Hernandez - +52 33 3880 9606

email: 该Email地址已收到反垃圾邮件插件保护。要显示它您需要在浏览器中启用JavaScript。 (reservations) and CC: 该Email地址已收到反垃圾邮件插件保护。要显示它您需要在浏览器中启用JavaScript。


You should aim to arrive in Guadalajara on the Wednesday, 21st September (unless advised otherwise by the organisers), as we will be having an optional dinner to welcome all our delegates and staff to the Congress, prior to the official opening of the SGC on Thursday, 22nd September. Please, confirm with our delegates team if you are planning to attend the optional dinner.

The official SGC 2016 Opening Dinner will take place on the Thursday, 22nd September and the SGC Closing Dinner will take place on Saturday, 24th September, both of which are included in your registration fee. The detailed event schedule can be found here (please consider that the schedule might change without further notice).


What do I need to bring to SGC 2016?

Here are some things you may want to consider bringing with you to SGC 2016:

  • Passport and Tourist VISA - If required, more information is provided in dedicated section below;

  • Laptop Computer - Recommended, but not essential. Delegations will be working on a presentation with your SGC Working Group;

  • Modest Summer Clothing - A mix between summer weather outside and AC inside all the buildings. It's recommended to bring an umbrella, because it is the end of the rainy season; 

  • Guadalajara Guide Book - You will have a free day (Sunday, 25th October) between the SGC and IAC to explore the city, here you can find some tours (link);

  • Notebook and Pens - You will need to take notes during the Working Group time;

  • Business Cards - Remember you're here to meet fellow delegates and young professionals, as well as leaders in the space industry;

  • Local SIM-Card/Cell Phone in Mexico - If you wish to bring a cell phone please note that in order to use the phone in Mexico you'll need a fixed international program that allows you to use your cell phone abroad, or you'll need to purchase a Mexican SIM card. SIM cards can be purchased from one of the main Mexican mobile companies - Telcel (offer a special rate for tourists directly from company's site), Movistar or AT&T. Your phone should be unlocked in order to work properly with Mexican Sim-Cards.

  • Electrical adapter - You might need to change voltage or shape of the connector for appliances brought from overseas (The power sockets in Mexico will accept an American pin, but you may need an adaptor/transformer for small appliances)

And remember, the most important thing to bring is enthusiasm and a positive attitude. SGC 2016 is a wonderful opportunity to meet and work with like-minded people, and contribute meaningfully to international space policy.


What is the Space Generation Congress dress code?

SGC 2016:  Business Casual

SGC 2016 International Night: It’s a night dedicated for each delegate to present to the others delegates a brief presentation of your country and share representative music, typical food, or whatever you prefer. If you want to bring your traditional clothes, you are welcome to do so. Ideally, you  should organise this with the other delegates from your same country.

SGC 2016 Closing Dinner: Formal attire or your local/national costume. The annual Closing Dinner will be attended by high-level speakers and heads of space agencies. Jeans, sandals, and t-shirts are not allowed.

IAC 2016: Formal business attire is expected at IAC day and evening events.

Please consider that the SGC International Night will be held outside in informal setting, if weather allows, therefore it is important to bring some warmer clothes (e.g. jeans, sport shoes and hoodie).   


How can I connect with my fellow delegates?

Space Generation Congress has a dedicated Facebook page and we will be regularly posting news and congress updates, as well as scholarship information on the SGC Facebook page, the official SGAC website and SGAC Facebook page. Please regularly check these forums, as well as this webpage for the latest updates regarding the conference.


Important information about travelling to Guadalajara

The city of Guadalajara is one of the three biggest and most important cities in Mexico, and it is located in the central region of Jalisco in the Western-Pacific area of Mexico. Guadalajara is a cultural center of Mexico, considered by most to be the home of mariachi music and host to a number of large-scale cultural events such as the Guadalajara International Film Festival, the GuadalajaraInternationalBookFair and globally renowned cultural events which draw international crowds. This city was named the American Capital of Culture for 2005. Spanish is the official language of Mexico. However, since Guadalajara is a cosmopolitan destination, most service providers speak English and occasionally even a third language.

There is so much to see and experience in this city. We've listed below a few of the top sites you should check out if you have the opportunity. Also included is key information to know before booking your travel plans.



All visitors to Mexico must hold a passport that is valid for at least six months from the date they are departing the country. People with no nationality must hold a valid laissez-passer, as well as a visa back to the country that issued it. For visits of less than 180 days many countries and regions  do NOT require a visa to enter Mexico (link to see your country). The countries that require a visa to enter to Mexico can be found here, and need assist for an interview at the consulate. You have to get your visa before your arrival to Mexico. For detailed information about visas, go to the Mexican Embassy web page for your own country. SGAC can issue for you an invitation letter for your visa appointment. 


Getting There

When booking flights into Guadalajara, the closest airport is Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla airport. Once there, there are several possible ways of getting into Guadalajara:

UBER - Uber operates throughout the metropolitan area of Guadalajara and is the best option to get from the Guadalajara airport to your hotel or other address. The rates in Mexican pesos are approximately UberX: $93- $123 ; UberXL: $161-$212; UberBlack: $254 - $329

Service Taxis - At the main exit of the airport you can find the "ATTA" service taxis to Expo Guadalajara at an average cost of MXN$300 at day time or MXN$500 at night. You have to book inside the airport; the desks for registration are in the area of bands to pick up the luggage. The ride should take up to a half of hour hour depending on traffic. For taxi sharing please use the following googlesheet.


Getting Around

The Holiday Inn Guadalajara Expo and IBIS Expo are located in the central area of Guadalajara, within walking distance from the Expo Guadalajara (the IAC venue), for a detailed map click here.

In addition, the hotels are located near to major avenues like Lopez Mateos and Mariano Otero Avenue, offering easy access to various tourist destinations. If you are interested in history and architecture, visit the Historical Center and be amazed by its surroundings. For those who like sports, the Chivas Omnilife Stadium is minutes away. Enjoy different area malls like Plaza del Sol and Plaza Galerias, where you can find anything you need.



While in Guadalajara, we advise exercising a normal degree of caution. It is always a good idea to remain vigilant and never travel anywhere alone, particularly always keep your belongings with you, only take with you the money you will need and be modest with accessories worn to walk down the street as: jewelry and watches. The information given here is general information and we advise checking your country's travel warnings regarding the region.

Please note the Mexico City Airport airport has one of the highest standards of security in the world. At customs you will likely be asked questions, but it is important to remain calm and polite. Before landing, you will have to fill out your migration form, which is provided by the flight crew. For your flight connection to Guadalajara it's only necessary to show your passport and cross the security inspection, at your arrival in the Guadalajara airport "Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla" the security standard is normal without inspections in your arrival. On your way home, it is recommended to arrive at the airport about 2 hours prior to the departure time.


Climate and Clothing

Guadalajara is characterised by a hot summer climate. October is considered autumn in Mexico, and the weather in Guadalajara during that month varies from a warm, sunny weather to sometimes cold and rainy, usually as a matter of luck. The average temperatures at that period of year are around 25° Celsius (day) and 16° Celsius (night), but weather can differ to a more rainy, so please consider to bring an umbrella.

Clothing should be modest and appropriate for autumn weather. Business casual wear will be required for the SGC, formal business attire if you are planning to stay for the IAC, and formal wear for the SGC Closing Gala Dinner. When visiting tourist sites around the city it is appropriate to wear modest clothing as you prefer and consider a rain jacket for the rainy weather.



Mexico’s official currency is the Mexican Peso (MXN), the exchange rates are (may vary):
1 EUR = 20.55 MXN
1 USD = 18.62 MXN

The best deals for changing money are at the bank, many banks are around the hotel and the Expo Guadalajara, including: Santander, BBVA Bancomer, Banamex, HSBC. There is a Currency Exchange Office nearby Expo Guadalajara. Note that the Offices are open from 9 am to 4 pm.


Top tourist Attractions in Guadalajara and surroundings  

Guadalajara has many amazing sites to see, so we've listed just a few key ones below to spark your interest. In order to learn more about the city and its history please take a look on the following sections or simply explore the Wiki/WikiTravel webpages about the city.

Guadalajara Downtown

The historic center of Guadalajara is the most emblematic and beautiful place, and is the second largest city in Mexico.

At more than four centuries old, the large complex consists of several buildings, temples, monuments and places expressing folklore, history and cultural wealth of the city.

Walking through the historical center is an unforgettable experience, like travelling through time because of the diversity of old buildings., There are also many symbols of modernity such as the many shops, boulevards and shopping malls that have much to offer to all visitors.


Tequila Tour

Santiago de Tequila (Tequillan, Tecuila "place of tribute") is a town and municipality located in the state of Jalisco about 60 km from the city of Guadalajara. Tequila is best known as being the birthplace of the drink that bears its name, “tequila,” which is made from the blue agave plant, native to this area. In this site you can discover the origins of tequila, its natural landscape declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site. Visit the typical towns of Tequila and Amatitan. You can walk around the magical towns at the slopes of the Tequila Volcano.For more info please visit Guadalajara Tours or for example site Wikipedia Page.




Hacienda Jose Cuervo

The Hacienda Jose Cuervo is one of the major hallmarks of the culture of tequila. It is located 60 km from Guadalajara in the town of Tequila.

Here you can find some attractions such as: tequila tasting, preparation process "jimadores" tequila, travel by train within the Treasury, among others. If you are interested in visiting, here is the link and the official website of Hacienda Jose Cuervo.




The Guadalajara Cathedral or Cathedral of the Assumption of Our Lady

 Located in downtown Guadalajara, Jalisco is the Roman Catholic cathedral of the Archdiocese of Guadalajara and a minor basilica. It is built in the Spanish Renaissance style, with neo-gothic bell towers.








When booking flights into Guadalajara, the closest airport is Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla airport. If you are planning to book flights (for example for national flights) via Interjet or AeroMexico you can use the following codes to receive a discount (further information and Terms & Conditions, please visit






Getting to the venue by IAC Transfer 

In case that you are also attending the IAC 2016, you can book your transfer from the airport to your hotel via the IAC official webpage:


Official Tours

 Friday 23. September – Saturday 1st of October @IAC Official Tours

Via the official IAC 2016 Site: ( you can book and attend several organized tours to discover Guadalajara.




Downtown Guadalajara Tour

4 hrs


Zapopan Tour



Tlaquepaque Tour






Chapala & Ajijic



Tequilla Tour



Casa Bariachi Dinner




Additional Sources of Information 

The following websites provide additional information about Guadalajara and travelling in Mexico:


Important Contacts while in Mexico 

 While in Mexico please feel free to contact the following people for urgent matters.

Minoo Rathnasabapathy

SGAC Executive Director


+43 1 718 11 18 30 or +972 53 7206544


Carmen Felix

SGC 2016 Congress Manager


+31 6 1943 1204 or +52 1 6692 252 653


Arnau Pons

SGC 2016 Deputy Congress Manager


+972 50 8447 176


Dial 911 for

Police, Ambulance and Fire Brigade

Tourist Police:  01 800 36 32 200


2016 SGAC Workshop at the 67th IAC in Guadalajara, Mexico

Sunday, September 25th, 2016


Call for Participants

SGAC Workshop on Mars Analogue Simulations: “Exploration, Challenges and Follow-Ups”

Topic: Mars Analogue Missions


Room: Expo Guadalajara, Event Ballroom 5

Schedule: 10:00hrs - 17:00hrs

Participants: 20 people

Splinter Group Tutors: SEPG team members

Relator: Carmen Felix and Antonio Gutierrez

Delivery: 5-10 min presentation per team


  •  Learn about Mars Exploration and Mars Analogue Missions: What is a Mars Analogue Mission and why do we do it?
  • Introduction to the SGAC PMAS 2017 mission

  • Meet in splinter groups and work on mission specific topics

  • Invite people to join the SGAC Exploration Project Group and participate during the PMAS 2017 mission



What are Analogue Missions?

Analogue missions are simulation activities undertaken on Earth in various environments to resemble certain aspects of human or robotic space exploration missions in other worlds. Engineers, scientists, lawyers, doctors, psychologists and many more are working with representatives from government agencies, academia and industry to gather information, develop and test the technologies and protocols.

For more information visit :


Why and How to Conduct a Mars Simulation?

Mars is probably the only other planetary body in the Solar System that has had all the ingredients for life to form in its past. New evidence shows that it once there were rivers, lakes and even oceans of liquid water on the red planet, conditions that suggest it being favourable for primitive life to form.  Nowadays space agencies and private industries need to make simulations on Earth to test their products and train the crew members for their missions, for possible scenarios that would involve living on Mars. These simulations are vital to collect information and help future missions in their workouts. Nevertheless, industry and space agencies are not the only ones to be able to perform analogue missions. The field of study is still vast enough that volunteer organisations (such as the Space Generation Advisory Council) can conduct analogue missions with little effort and contribute to common scientific knowledge.

What Is the Poland Mars Analogue Simulation 2017 ?

The Poland Mars Analogue Simulation 2017 (PMAS 2017) Mission will be unique among the Mars analogue simulations undertaken so far, as it aims to evaluate the joint human and robotic surface operations. The most significant outcome of this mission will be to prove that the systems, capabilities, and operations we use to explore Mars are sustainable, efficient and require little to no support from Earth. To do so the main mission objectives are:

  • Evaluation of the performance of astronauts conducting geologic fieldwork.

  • Applications of technologies to support human activities on a planetary surface.

  • Controlled investigations and experiments in psychology and human factors.

For more information visit:


What are Challenges That a Mars Analogue Addresses?

Some of the topics that a Mars Analogue address are: mission operations and procedures, technological challenges, risks and emergencies, human factors in isolation, performing surface operations with a space suit and food on Mars (Greenhab experiment and its importance for a long term mission on Mars).


Team Topics

1 - Design an experiment for PMAS 2017

  • During the workshop, they develop a proposal for a (small) experiment to be conducted during PMAS 2017, considering the technology, tools, vehicles or devices that could be used in the mission.


2 - Risks and Emergencies

  • In the workshop in their groups they define a realistic scenario of an emergency or contingency (that can also happen during PMAS 2017) and create an emergency procedure for it, from a small fault in the control systems to an accident with any member of the mission.


3 - Designing a follow-up mission

  • In the workshop they develop a mission proposal for a follow-up mission that addresses the unsolved issues.


Workshop Format

  • Duration (7 hours) including break and lunch.
  • 20 Participants maximum + 4 tutors (from SEPG).

  • 4 working groups of 5 people.

  • 15-30 minutes of coffee break.



Please note this schedule is tentative and subject to change. Last updated: 20 September, 2016

 Brief talks / presentations of experts on mission to Mars analog / simulations including a section of questions and interact with the presenters.

 Each team shall present a conclusion and a summary of the solution proposed for the different problems discussed.

 Attendants will receive a diploma for participation and have the wonderful experience to visit Guadalajara.

 The workshop attendants will be invited to join the SGAC Space Exploration Project Group and participate in the PMAS 2017 mission.

 Participants will receive articles/papers in order to understand the topic before the workshop.


Deadline: 1st September, 2016

Application Form

Registration Fee: 10 USD*

*Once your application is accepted, you will receive an invitation through EventBrite to proceed with your payment and secure your place.

This workshop is open to young professionals from 18 to 35 years old. All participants should attend for the whole duration of the workshop.



Any questions, comments, or concerns about the Mars Analogue Workshop may be directed to Danton Bazaldua (该Email地址已收到反垃圾邮件插件保护。要显示它您需要在浏览器中启用JavaScript。)


Space Generation Congress 2016

SGAC at the 67th IAC

Click map to enlarge 

26 - 30 September, 2016

67th International Astronautical Congress - Guadalajara, Mexico 

Are you an SGAC member presenting at the International Astronautical Congress? Let your fellow SGAC congress attendees know! Fill out information about your presentation in the following excel sheet, and support your peers by attending their presentations. 


Sunday, 25 September 2016, 10:00 – 17:00 hrs

SGAC Mars Analogue Simulations Workshop

Are you interested in Human Space Exploration, and in particular in future human Mars missions? Do you want to learn how those missions are currently prepared here on Earth? Join the SGAC Space Exploration Project group on this Mars Analogue Simulations workshop and listen to interesting talks on state-of-the-art analogue Mars research, learn about the risks and challenges, and get an insight on SGAC's plans to conduct a Mars Analogue Simulation in 2017 (PMAS 2017). Each participant gets the chance to continue and develop the final work on this workshop along with experts of the SGAC Space Exploration Project Group. The SGAC Mars Analogue Simulations Workshop is open to students and young professionals.


 Wednesday, 28 September 2016, 15:30 hrs

SGAC Booth Reception

Join SGAC and the Space Foundation for drinks at our booth (booth #A34) and get acquainted with fellow SGAC members, IAC delegates, speakers and panelists of SGC and IAC.


Wednesday, 28 September 2016, 19:00 hrs

SGAC/ISU/YPP Reception

This is the annual reception of the SGAC in partnership with the International Space University (ISU) and the IAF's Workforce Development/YPP Committee. Join the reception, and enjoy some drinks and nibbles while you network with other young professionals in the space sector! No registration needed, this event is FREE to all SGC 2016 delegates, registered IAC 2016 young professionals, and invited guests. Collect your invitation at the SGAC or ISU Booth.


Thursday, 29 September 2016, 11:30 – 12:30 hrs

SGAC Global Networking Forum: Technology Transfer – How to Make the Most of It?

Numerous interesting, efficient technology transfers have been achieved through ESA Technology Transfer Office Programme whose mission is to inspire and facilitate the use of space technology, systems and knowledge for non-space applications. Indeed, the transfer of space technology from space companies to other sectors results in a mutual gain for both industries and benefits the final users by providing high-tech effective solutions. From cooling suits for a Formula 1 racing team to ground-penetrating radar to detect cracks in mine tunnels, these programmes offer a platform of new business opportunities for providers of space technology and systems and avenues for optimizing knowledge transfer and improving competitiveness. In this panel, representatives from agencies and industry discuss how to leverage space technology into other industries as well as address the specific needs of non-space sectors. Furthermore, representatives from Young ESA and SGAC bring the perspective of how the next generation can help tackle the challenges in space technology transfer in an environment of technology disruption in the wake of New Space. The panel will include a commentary on how these industries see or treat access to information about space technologies, and their awareness of the potential "from space".


2016 Space Generation Congress

Working Groups

The Proving Ground

Sponsored by NASA Advanced Exploration Systems

Moderators: Nicole Herrmann (NASA Advanced Exploration Systems) and Armando Delgado (University of Texas, El Paso)

Rapporteur: TBD

Topic Keynote Speaker: Jason Crusan

Subject Matter Expert: Erin Mahoney (NASA Advanced Exploration Systems)

Reading Materials: TBD

NASA is on a journey to Mars, which has already begun with technology demonstrations and systems validation aboard the International Space Station. Before sending astronauts to Mars in the 2030s, the agency and its international and industry partners will conduct missions in the proving ground of cislunar space.

In the proving ground, we will learn to conduct complex operations in a deep space environment that allows crews to return to Earth in a matter of days. Primarily conducted in cislunar space, these operations will advance and validate capabilities required for human missions in the Mars system.

In the Proving Ground working group, participants will identify new opportunities or potential partnerships in cislunar space in the 2020s, particularly during times of latency, and with a focus on shared infrastructure. 


The questions below and the desired outcomes are geared toward identifying meaningful collaborations in the proving ground that will advance the journey to Mars, be mutually beneficial to all partners, and contribute to particpants’ national and organization objectives. 

With one SLS and Orion flight per year, a deep space habitat, Asteroid Redirect Mission robotic spacecraft bus, and asteroidal material, what additional science or exploration research could be conducted—

  • When astronauts are there?
  • When astronauts aren’t there (latency periods)?

Desired outcome: a concise list of potential additional scientific research or exploration missions that could be conducted in cislunar space in the 2020s.

  • What hardware or systems standards and commonalities could make participation more accessible for broad participation? What can we learn from the ISS business model?

Desired outcome: Identify systems and hardware standards that could foster more international participation in the proving ground

UNISPACE+50: Shared Vision, Common Action

Sponsored by Secure World Foundation with the support of the Mexican Space Agency

Moderator: Massimo Pellegrino

Rapporteur: TBD

Topic Keynote Speaker: Rosa Maria Ramirez de Arellano y Haro

Subject Matter Expert: Christopher Johnson

UNISPACE+50 will articulate a long-term vision for space, investigating challenges and responses to global space governance as well as defining a roadmap toward ‘Space 2030’. It is also expected to become a milestone for the long-term development of UN COPUOS (including its subsidiary bodies and secretariat) and related stakeholders.

Today, more than ever before, public and private organisations in the space sector have the opportunity to contribute to shaping and nurturing the UNISPACE+50 process, further defining and adjusting their own role, priorities and objectives. As a product of the UNISPACE III, SGAC is expected to play an important role in fostering and shaping the UNISPACE+50 thematic priorities, bringing into the process the views of the future generation of space leaders as regards their long-term visions for space and the tools with which to act.

In this respect, capacity building has been flagged as one of the key priorities that need a shared vision and common action. It has been a holistic theme at the core of the UNISPACE+50 process - being an element of the cross-cutting areas, of the thematic priorities, of the four pillars, as well as a tool for fulfilling the 2030 UN Agenda for sustainable development. Importantly, it is a major focus of the work of the SGAC and involves a wide range of actors with which to interact and deal with, including women and their educational needs.

Capacity building however cannot be limited to the use of space science and technology and their applications for the benefit of all countries. It also needs to entail how to access to, and make use of, space in a responsible and sustainable way and how to further enhance state and non-state actors’ capacities to contribute to space governance and the regulation of space activities.

Against this background and building on that, the aim of this working group is three-fold. First, it wants to collect inputs from the future generation of space leaders to help foster, shape, and nurture a new long-term vision for space and define common ground for shared action. Second, it seeks to identify areas of further cooperation between SGAC and other involved parties and offer a number of options for SGAC to move forward in cooperation with its stakeholders. Third, it seeks to determine which activities can help space actors (whether governmental or not) to equip themselves with the necessary technical, political and legal expertise in order to integrate space science, technology, applications, and strategic thinking in their planning.

  • Articulate and frame the SGAC’s (i.e. the young generation of future space leaders’) long-term vision for space in accordance with UNISPACE+50 principles and goals.
  • Identify and prioritize potential areas of cooperation between SGAC and other delegations at the UN COPUOS, as well as with other UN agencies and bodies, particularly those involved in implementing the 2030 UN agenda on sustainable development.
  • Propose a number of options for SGAC to move forward together with other stakeholders towards and beyond ‘Space 2030’.
  • Define new innovative and effective capacity-building approaches and mechanisms, prioritizing areas of intervention and aligning them with the 2030 UN agenda for sustainable development.
  • What must be the SGAC’s (i.e. the young generation of future space leaders’) long-term vision for space and which steps would need to be taken to evolve?
  • What role can SGAC play in fostering, shaping, nurturing and, at a later time, implementing the UNISPACE+50 agenda, priorities and process? By which means can SGAC do so?
  • How can SGAC further support, cooperate and build synergies on shared priorities with other delegations at the UN COPUOS and get involved into wider, complementary UN initiatives?
  • What are the needs of developing countries with regard to the secure and sustainable access to, and use of, space for socio-economic benefits and sustainable development?
  • Which technical, political, policy and legal advisory activities can help state and non-state actors advance their strategic thinking with respect to space and join space-faring nations in a foreseeable future? What role can SGAC play in these advisory tasks and capacity building processes?
  • UNISPACE – Background Information


  • UNISPACE+50 – Cross Cutting topics

  • UNISPACE+50 – Thematic priorities

  • UN General Assembly resolution A/RES/70/1 (21 October 2015) – Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Spectrum and Operational Challenges with the Emergence of Small Satellites

Sponsored by NASA Space Communications and Navigation

Moderator: Juan Carlos López

Rapporteur: TBD

Topic Keynote Speaker: TBD

Subject Matter Expert: TBD

Reading Materials: TBD

The radio frequency spectrum for space telecommunications is becoming increasingly stressed with the emergence of small satellites (CubeSats, etc.) and satellite constellations for broadband internet. The RF spectrum is a limited resource that is of high importance for all nations to ensure proper communications. It is through the rapid expansion of spectrum users that several technologies may not follow national or international standards and potentially pose a threat for the use of the allocated spectrum.

With the increasing demand of satellite communications, there is also an increasing risk of interference between satellites due to improper use of the satellite spectrum. The demand of using smaller short-lived satellites requires to obtain frequencies in a shorter time than what a national agency can give and in a much shorter span than what the ITU may offer. It is through a revision on the frequency coordination process that a newer approach could be responsive to the dynamic nature of new space systems yet maintain order and avoid frequency interference.

  • Describe the challenges of spectrum processes based on the rapid expansion of Small Satellites and Satellite Constellations.

  • Develop the framework to understand the challenges of the boost in satellite communications and new services (e.g., constellations of remote sensing systems) and how to tackle the issues of interference between satellite and terrestrial communications.

  • Determine if the actual methodology of international spectrum processes meets the requirements of the rapid evolution of space-based communications.

  • Determine what should be the best practices to follow by the industry in order to avoid any frequency interference.

  • Determine the needs of the newcomer satellite developers and how can the best practices of the industry apply to them.

  • How should governments, agencies and private sector work towards a common goal of homologating frequency allocation?

  • How can the different actors communicate in order to ensure that the frequencies allocated are properly used by region and don’t generate interference between machines?
  • How often should the ITU, regional and national regulators meet in order to present all new requirements of frequency allocation?

  • What should be the rules of engagement in case of frequency interference by a non-authorized user?

Space Entrepreneurship: Tap the Commercial Potential of Earth Observation Downstream Markets

Moderator: Matthew Driedger

Rapporteur: TBD

Topic Keynote Speaker: TBD

Subject matter expert: Yusuke Muraki

Access to, and use of, highly reliable and accurate satellite imagery is fundamental to many areas of our economy and to the daily lives of citizens. Earth observation data and products are increasingly being used for an ever-wider range of commercial, strategic, and tactical applications.

The sustained investments by governments and agencies, the miniaturization of satellites, and the accessibility of sophisticated analytical and processing tools by small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have cleared the way for the private sectors to take advantage of this valuable raw data. At the same time, some governmental policies, such as the U.S. Commercial Remote Sensing Policy of April 2003 and EU efforts to secure the market uptake of Copernicus, contributed to setting in motion – although with different outcomes – private initiatives to build, launch and operate satellites, and provide downstream services in a very flexible and agile way. This trend is expected to continue further, as even governmental agencies and other public institutions which own and operate EO satellites purchase satellite data and products from commercial providers and will likely subcontract activities to the private sector. The next step might even involve the provision of commercial geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) for governmental security and/or the military.

In order to realize the full potential of these public and private investments, it is important to accelerate the integration of EO products into the market and foster their use in different applications, with a special focus on domains where socio-economic benefits and returns are higher. In this Working Group, participants will map out the different EO market segments; identify and assess the main obstacles and responses to the effective commercialization of EO space-based products, applications and services; review the main successful entrepreneurial stories as well as current initiatives aimed at fostering the development of a new generation of EO companies and start-ups; identify new trends and potential market domains where private sector involvement is envisioned; propose strategies that can help promote greater public and private awareness of EO services and applications.

  • Map out the main Earth Observation market segments, together with their size (and expected growth), related applications and value chains.
  • Identify how to attract new players to the world of EO and stimulate the creation of new companies and start-ups.
  • Identify new trends and areas where commercial involvement is envisioned.
  • Propose a number of options that can help promote greater public and private awareness of EO programs, services and applications.
  • Identify international cooperation mechanisms (e.g. for data policy and sharing) that can accelerate the development of the EO downstream sector.
  • What are the main obstacles faced by governments and industry to achieve effective commercialization of EO space-based products, applications and services? What role can these actors play in removing such obstacles?
  • What are concrete tools, mechanisms, measures, and initiatives to support the market uptake of EO programs and initiatives, and ensure the full exploitation of the EO downstream market segments?
  • With major trends (big data, internet of things, computer speeds, processing technologies, cyber threats, new space actors, etc.) moving faster, which domains will grow and which ones will shrink in the next 10 years?
  • How to increase the awareness of EO programs, services and applications?
  • How to combine EO space-borne data, in-situ and open data, new digital technologies and tools? Are there any technical and legal/regulatory challenges related to the issue of data standardization and interoperability?
  • How to find a compromise for a more competitive approach to provide both governmental and non-governmental services in a rapidly developing EO downstream sector?
  • Nick Veck. 2015. Earth Observation Markets and applications.

  • Mark Noort. 2013. Marketing Earth Observation Products & Services (part 2).

  • EARSC. 2008. Business in Earth Observation: an overview of market development and emerging applications.

  • European Parliament (ed.). 2016. Space Market Uptake in Europe.

  • Additional references available here:


Space Situational Awareness: Global Responses to Global Challenges

With the support of the Mexican Space Agency (AEM)

Moderator: Carlos Entrena

Rapporteur: TBD

Subject Matter Expert: Julio Cesar Castillo

Reading Materials: TBD

Space Situational Awareness (SSA) is the capacity to gather a sufficient understanding of the outer space environment such that useful insights regarding its future evolution can be determined. By means of a number of radars, telescopes and space-borne assets, SSA can provide an almost real-time assessment of activities in space, facilitating access to space and allowing for safer and more efficient operations. Importantly, SSA is useful for detecting and monitoring threats and hazards to space systems, particularly space debris, such that pre-emptive measures to reduce the risk of collision between space objects can be taken. SSA is also useful for governments to identify (and attribute) hostile acts in space or violation of international treaties.

As of today, only the United States has a fully developed global SSA system (controlled by the military) and maintains the most complete catalog of space objects. Other nations have more limited capabilities and are either further enhancing their own systems (e.g. Russian Federation) or pursuing special military relations with the US (e.g. Japan, South Korea). Non-governmental actors, such as private satellite operators, are also source of SSA data. The Space Data Association (SDA), for example, tracks objects in geostationary orbit (GEO) in order to prevent collisions, avoid interference and locate the sources of harmful interference.

Due to the substantial resources required, SSA cannot easily be pursued at the national level; existing national capabilities are not sufficient to meet the current needs, primarily due to the location and distribution of one's own SSA sensors. Other significant challenges need to be overcome, such as data-sharing policy issues to balance openness with data protection, as well as technical challenges related to interoperability issues (e.g. data formats, authentications). Better collaboration and data sharing with respect to SSA will provide space actors with the necessary information to act safely, efficiently and responsibly and reduce the degradation of the space environment, eventually serving as a tool for transparency and confidence-building and for the viability of any future international instrument to regulate space activities (e.g. codes of conduct, space traffic management).

Achieving all this will require hard diplomatic graft: but just as the safety, security, sustainability and stability of the space environment are global matters, so too are the answers to it.

  • Clarify the definition of SSA and what it encompasses.
  • Determine current and future uses of SSA capabilities and services they could provide.
  • Review current governmental and non-governmental SSA initiatives worldwide and their main limitations.
  • Identify both technical and policy challenges to the effective exploitation of SSA sensors and data.
  • Propose effective frameworks and cooperative mechanisms, along with their pros and cons, to tackle these challenges, with particular regard to data interoperability and data sharing/policy.


  • What does SSA mean?
  • What are the main assets and technologies used for SSA purposes? Which activities can SSA sensors be tasked with?
  • What are the main SSA capabilities, systems, and programs worldwide? Which major flaws do they suffer from?
  • What form can future SSA capabilities take? What are the major issues and challenges for each (governance) model?
  • What role can private actors play in providing SSA services and data? What would be the security implications, especially in terms of reliability of the sources?
  • What role can SSA capabilities play in securing outer space and ensuring its long-term sustainability? Can SSA be seen as a tool for space diplomacy?
  • Brian Weeden. ‘SSA Concept Worldwide’, in Kai-Uwe Schrogl et al. (eds.), Handbook of Space Security (New York: Springer-Verlag, 2015).
  • Massimo Pellegrino and Gerald Stang. ‘Space Security for Europe’ (Chapter 3, paragraph on ‘Space Situational Awareness’). Paris: The European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS), 2016. Available here:
  • Patricia McCormick. ‘Space Situational Awareness in Europe: The Fractures and the Federative Aspects of European Space Efforts’, Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy, vol. 13, no. 1, January 2015, pp. 43-64.
  • Patricia McCormick. ‘Space debris: Conjunction opportunities and opportunities for international cooperation’, Science and Public Policy, vol. 40, no. 6, April 2013, pp. 801-813. Available here:


2016 Space Generation Congress


 SGAC Rates are Available Only Until 31 August - Book Now!

If you have been accepted to attend the Space Generation Congress 2016 (SGC 2016) you can enjoy the special rates SGAC has negotiated at the Holiday Inn Guadalajara Expo Hotel for the duration of the congress. The accommodation can be extended for the duration of the International Astronautical Congress 2016 (IAC 2016) through the official IAC 2016 website, at a different rate. If you would like to book another hotel for IAC, we recommend IBIS Expo, which is right in front of the IAC venue.


About the Hotel

Holiday Inn Guadalajara Expo

Located near major attractions, the Holiday Inn hotel Guadalajara Expo is located a short distance, where you can find the largest convention center in Mexico, Expo Guadalajara, host of the International Astronautical Congress.

Guadalajara hotel is close to major avenues like Lopez Mateos and Mariano Otero Avenue, offering easy access to various tourist destinations. If you are interested in history and architecture, visit the Historical Center and be amazed by its surroundings.

Free Wi-fi is available in all the hotel areas. More information about the facility can be found on the hotel's website

Room Type  Single Rate (USD)
Single Room $80
Double Room   $80 

NOTE: The Holiday Inn Expo will be in high demand during this time. The current agreement between SGAC and the Holiday Inn Expo is that once the hotel is fully booked, any SGC delegate making a reservation will be assigned a room in the adjacent Wyndham Garden tower. Both hotels rates are the same, are booked the same way, are directly adjacent to one another, and share common facilities (pool, garden, etc).


Now showing photo 4, Cuarto de Huesped

IBIS Expo (from Sept. 25th to Oct. 1st)

Room Type   Rate (USD)
Single Room $59
Double Room (Twin Beds)  $72
Double Room (Full Beds) $77



How To Book

In order to receive the SGC 2016 discount rates, all bookings must be done via phone or email with the hotel. Please see the hotel contact information at the bottom of this page. 


Room Sharing

If you are looking for a fellow delegate to share your room with, please, proceed to add your information here and find a delegate that would be happy to share a room with you. In you have any question, don't hesitate to contact the Delegates Team.

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Hotel Contact Details

Holiday Inn Guadalajara Expo

Av. Lopez Mateos Prima Sur 2500 Holiday Inn Guadalajara Expo.
Ciudad del Sol 
45050 Zapopan, Jalisco.
Point of Contact: Elena Cuadra or Valeria Lopez
Phone: +
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If you would like to have a closer hotel to IAC, you can book a room at IBIS Expo. You can call or email them to make a reservation letting them know that you are part of SGAC. The contact information is:

Gabriela Nungaray / Magaly Hernandez - +52 33 3880 9606

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