Cholula is a small town located in the state of Puebla, Mexico. Known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning architecture, Cholula attracts visitors from around the world.

Historical Significance:
Cholula is home to the Great Pyramid of Cholula, the largest pyramid by volume in the world. It is a significant archaeological site built by the ancient indigenous people and a testament to the region’s pre-Columbian civilizations.

Cultural Heritage:
The town boasts a blend of Spanish colonial and indigenous influences, evident in its colorful buildings, lively markets, and traditional festivals. The Church of Our Lady of Remedies, perched atop the Great Pyramid, is a symbol of this cultural fusion.

Tourist Attractions:
Visitors to Cholula can explore its charming streets, visit museums showcasing local history and art, and enjoy authentic Mexican cuisine in its numerous eateries. The nearby city of Puebla offers additional attractions, including historic landmarks and culinary delights.

Economic Activity:
Cholula’s economy is primarily based on tourism, agriculture, and handicrafts. The town’s artisans produce pottery, textiles, and other traditional crafts, which contribute to the local economy and cultural identity.

Cholula is a captivating destination steeped in history and culture, offering visitors a glimpse into Mexico’s rich heritage and vibrant traditions.

Tonantzintla, located near Cholula in Puebla, Mexico, is renowned for its Church of Saint James the Apostle, an exquisite example of indigenous Baroque art. Built in the 16th century, the church features intricate stucco decorations and elaborate altarpieces, reflecting a fusion of Catholicism and indigenous beliefs. Nearby, the National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics, and Electronics (INAOE) contributes to the region’s scientific prominence, conducting research in astronomy, optics, and electronics.

Tonantzintla offers visitors a glimpse into Mexican culture and craftsmanship, with opportunities to explore its quaint streets, experience traditional festivities, and discover nearby attractions.

Established in 1942, the National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics, and Electronics (INAOE for its acronym in Spanish) has emerged as a prominent institution in Mexico’s scientific landscape. Founded by Luis Enrique Erro, the institute traces its roots to the National Astrophysical Observatory of Tonantzintla, situated in Tonantzintla, Puebla. Their main research topics are astrophysics, electronics, optics, and other technology-related areas.

This institute has a leading role in the LMT and HAWC projects and has participated in many collaborations between AEM, UNAM, IAC, and others.

History and Origin: It has his origins deeply rooted in the scientific endeavors that began with the establishment of the National Astrophysical Observatory of Tonantzintla in 1942. Led by the visionary Luis Enrique Erro, this observatory laid the foundation for what would later become INAOE. Situated in Tonantzintla, Puebla, the observatory was chosen as the site for its strategic location and conducive environment for astronomical research. Over the years, under Erro’s guidance, the observatory expanded its scope beyond astronomy, delving into the realms of optics and electronics. This pioneering spirit and commitment to scientific exploration paved the way for the establishment of INAOE, which has since continued to push the boundaries of knowledge.

INAOE has achieved several significant milestones throughout its history:

  1. Astrophysical Research:
    INAOE has contributed significantly to advancing knowledge in astrophysics. Its researchers have conducted studies on galaxy formation and evolution, stellar physics, and celestial object detection using advanced telescopes.
  2. Optical Technology Development:
    The institute has pioneered the development of optical technologies. This includes the creation of advanced imaging systems, lenses, and optical devices used in scientific and medical applications.
  3. International Collaboration:
    INAOE has established collaborations with research institutions and universities worldwide. These partnerships have facilitated knowledge exchange, joint projects, and access to cutting-edge research facilities.
  4. Human Resources Training:
    INAOE has played a crucial role in training numerous highly skilled scientists. Many of its graduates have significantly contributed to science and technology in Mexico and beyond.
  5. Space Projects Participation:
    INAOE has been actively involved in space projects, including the development of scientific instruments for satellites and space telescopes. Its expertise in electronics and optics has been instrumental in these endeavors.

INAOE is VITAL for several reasons:

  • Scientific and Technological Contribution:
    The institute conducts groundbreaking research in astrophysics, optics, and electronics, contributing to the advancement of knowledge and technology.
  • Human Resources Development:
    INAOE trains a new generation of researchers ensuring a skilled workforce for Mexico’s industry and scientific endeavors.
  • National and International Recognition:
    INAOE’s excellence in research and education has garnered recognition both nationally and internationally, enhancing Mexico’s standing in the scientific community

Do you want to know more about INAOE? You can read more about their history, investigation, and academic offers on his site.